“sulphate attack on mortars, unsound materials, frost action, corrosion of iron and steel, crystallization of salts, linear changes resulting from variation in moisture content” While doing brickwork and after the brick is completed there are certain defects which has to ...

During any sort of construction the cost of formwork constitutes a major share that can be sometimes a major factor to be considered while planning and estimating. This post will dictate the cost of formwork for various structures.   Cost ...

Before selecting and designing any type of formwork one must know the requirements of a good formwork or what are the actual characteristics of a good formwork. Concrete being plastic material in fresh state, has to kept within an enclosure ...

Formwork, Shuttering and Scaffolding are the most important construction tools sharing significant amount from project Cost. During construction of reinforced concrete works as well as their maintenance, we need to support the structure as long as it is in its ...

A simple contract consists of an agreement between two or more parties under certain terms and conditions whereby one party undertakes to execute works or to supply materials at specified rates and the other party undertakes to make necessary payments ...