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One of the best ways to refresh any bathroom without spending a fortune is by replacing the vanity. The vanity defines the look of the bathroom. If yours is old and outdated, you can give it a quick and inexpensive makeover, or you can replace it for very little cost.

8 Ways To Refresh Your Bathroom Vanity That Won’t Cost A Fortune

The point is to be creative and to make your Winnipeg bathroom renovation one-of-a-kind. Instead of heading to the home improvement center and buying a prefab vanity to stick in the old one’s place, consider these ideas to refresh your bathroom and add a whole lot of style.

1. For smaller spaces

If you are limited to a small space but still want a vanity to hold things, consider using a wood table. A used wooden table can double as a vanity when you cut open space on top and put in a sink. If it has open shelving underneath, that can be a perfect place to hold your things. Use a wall-mounted faucet to really save on space.

2. Paint your old cabinet

If your old cabinet is just outdated, consider painting it. The key is not to just paint it another color but to use different textures, patterns, and colors that will reflect your style. If you want to really get funky, add some stick-on wallpaper to the doors. It will give the room, a contemporary and cool new look.

3. Combine a long shelf into a sink

Use the length of a bathroom to place a sink. Use cabinets of different widths, with the skinnier one leading to the bowl. Similar to having a row of cabinets, you can use all the space but you will still have plenty of room to walk. If you are really limited on space, use a vessel sink on top and a wall-mounted faucet. That can give you a whole lot of storage space. Make the cabinet top blend from one cabinet to the next to use the entire space and stretch out a little.

4. Use hanging shelves

Instead of spending money on a vanity, just use hanging shelves. Place one above the other, and you can drop in a sink on the thicker top one. Use the lower shelf to house your towels and some baskets, so you’ll have enough room for everything.

5. Use an old desk

If you want to create the rustic look, use an old desk as your vanity. Make sure to let the old wood shine. You can pop in a vessel sink and a faucet, and use the file cabinet and another drawer to house your toiletries. This is the perfect vanity idea for the single guy looking for the “wow” factor in a loft-type home.

6. A buffet

Take an antique buffet and use it as a double vanity. This provides a more elegant look; you can add two sinks and use the side cabinets to keep your things. Either paint and distress it or keep the original wood, depending on the type of ambiance you want to create.

7. Use an old Hoosier cabinet

Used in the kitchen in the old days, there isn’t any reason why you can’t repurpose a Hoosier cabinet for your modern-day bathroom. You can take the top doors out and make it a shelf with a mirror. Underneath, use a vessel sink to wash your hands and then you will have cabinets on the sides to store all your things.

8. A chest of drawers

Use an antique chest of drawers about mid-section height to house a sink and a faucet to create a “shabby chic” blast from the past look. If the wood is still good, leave it as is. If the wood is not too fantastic or made from veneer, you can paint over it and then sand the edges to give it a shabbier look. Because chests of drawers come in all different shapes and sizes, it is the perfect way to outfit any size bathroom.

The vanity is typically the focal point of any bathroom. To give yours an updated look, get creative without spending too much money. When it comes to bathrooms, everything goes.

If you don’t have the space for your classic car or just don’t want it baking in the sun this summer, you might be considering storing it in a storage facility. A storage facility is the best way to keep your classic car in good shape, but some facilities are better than others. Before you choose which facility to use, it is best to consider all of them in your area.

10 Must-Dos Before You Store Your Car
10 Must-Dos Before You Store Your Car

There are ways that you can store your car to reduce any wear and tear on it so that it comes out of storage in the same pristine condition it went in. There are ten things you should do before you store your car to keep it in great shape, no matter which type of car storage Winnipeg facility you choose in Canada.

1. Choose a climate-controlled storage space

The best way to store your car will be to store it in a climate-controlled storage facility. If you don’t, then it is going to be exposed to the same conditions as if you stored the car in your garage. Although a non climate-controlled space will work too, if climate-control is an option, you might want to spend just the little extra for the sake of your classic car.

2. Check the oil

It is best to store your car with oil that has just been changed. There is a limit on the time you can go between oil changes, but that is typically due to the contaminants in the oil. If you change your car’s engine oil before you store it, then changing it intermittently shouldn’t be as big an issue. Make sure to use synthetic oil if you plan to store the car for more than a year.

3. Wash the interior and exterior

To make sure that you don’t have any stains set in or any odors take hold, it is a good idea to have the car detailed before you store it. Don’t give anything a chance to soak in or discolor it while it is in storage

4. Top off all fluids

Make sure to top off all fluids so that there isn’t any space for debris to build or ways for contamination to get into the lines. Let the car run for five minutes once you top everything off  so the fluid can run through the lines. Make sure things like anti-freeze are completely topped off.

5. Tires

Make sure to inflate your tires before you store your car, or the tires can settle and create flat spots. Go with the recommended PSI rating. It is not a good idea to remove the tires or to have the tires suspended for a long period of time by putting the car up on blocks. Leave the car in neutral when you do store it, and leave the parking brake off.

6. Ventilation

Don’t completely shut the car. You are going to want to leave the windows cracked to prevent any moisture being built up in the car and creating mold.

7. Battery

Although it’s not necessary, you can take the battery out completely to store the car. That will ensure that it isn’t being drained so that when you pick the car up, you can bring along your fully-charged battery. You can also put a trickle charger on it, but that depends on whether there is an electrical supply available in storage, and whether or not you want to invest in one when you can just remove the battery.

8. Prevent pests

To ensure that you don’t get any pests in the wrong places, place some steel wool in the air inlet and exhaust opening. Also, use laundry fabric-softener sheets inside the truck and cabin. Be sure to also place some moth balls around the perimeter of the car. You don’t want to put them inside the car; you won't ever get the smell out.

9. Cover it

Even if it is in a climate-controlled facility you will still want to use a waterproof cover, just to make sure that it doesn’t trap in moisture.

10. Take it off of your insurance

Make sure to drop the collision and liability part of your insurance coverage since you won’t be driving it. But don’t remove the comprehensive coverage -- just in case the unexpected happens.

If you want to protect your car by storing it, make sure to do the prep work to truly protect it and keep it driving like new when you are ready to take it home again.

Video surveillance is one of the fastest-growing tech segments in the industry. Feeling secure at home is no longer a luxury; it is accessible to anyone with a small budget and a smartphone. With all the options available, it can be easy to get lost and either overspend on features that you don’t need or buy the wrong model and not have exactly what you want.

These are the best options for your individual needs. Depending on what you want to use your surveillance for, where you live, the area you have to cover, and your price point, these are major features that you want to take into consideration.

Motion detection

Cameras with motion detection can sense when things are moving and notify you when there is something captured in their field. This is a great asset; the cameras can alarm you when something enters the zones you have created, which can alert you if there is nefarious activity going on. That means that you don’t have to worry about watching the cameras; should something happen, they will let you know. That is a great feature if you want to be able to set the cameras and let them do the work.

Field of view

If you buy a video surveillance Winnipeg home system with “field of view,” this refers to the amount of area that the camera can record. The reason that bigger widths are a good feature is because the bigger field of view the camera has, the fewer cameras you will have to buy to cover all the areas of your home that you want monitored.


The quality of sound is very important to your home surveillance system. You can either refer the camera sound via an internal microphone, a speaker, or through both. When you upgrade to a camera that can do both, it can create an intercom, which allows you to transmit sound both ways. That gives you the capacity to verbally warn an intruder that they have been detected and hopefully dissuade them from continuing their actions


The resolution of your surveillance camera is important to catch the minute details. A visible image is very helpful should you ever need to provide law enforcement with a description either of the assailant, the car they were driving, or other details that you can’t see with a low-resolution camera.

Wifi capability 

Wired cameras can be great; the only problem is that they can easily be disabled if an intruder wants them to be, leaving you completely clueless about what is going on. Not having any wires means that a criminal can’t cut anything to block themselves from your view.

Night vision

Although it costs a little more, night vision is as important as resolution. Since most break-ins happen once the lights go down and things are dim, paying the additional cost to get a camera that can not only see in the dark but can also tape things is highly recommended.


You can choose stationary cameras for surveillance, or you can choose those with the ability to move around to get a better view of things. If you have enough cameras set up to view the perimeter, it might not be that important for them to move. However, if you want to reduce the number of cameras you need and cut costs, then buying a few pricier ones that can cover a larger area might make more sense.


Cost is always going to be a factor when it comes to choosing the right surveillance equipment for your needs. Sometimes, however, you can choose to save pennies and lose dollars. A lot is riding on the protection of your home, so if you are going to arm yourself with a surveillance system, make sure that it is secure enough to not just be providing you with a false sense of security.

It is always better to be safe than sorry. In this new age of technology, it is totally reasonable to use home surveillance equipment to make sure that you are safe and secure. Which type is right for you depends on your budget and the area you are trying to survey. Just make sure to prioritize and find the one that makes you most secure.

In handbook of water and wastewater treatment plant operations by Frank R. Spellman PDF, the intent of the author is twofold. The first intent is to consolidate the information and experience in waterworks and wastewater treatment plant operations that have evolved as a result of technological advances in the field, and as a result of the concepts and policies promulgated by the environmental laws and the subsequent guidelines. The second intent is to discuss step-by-step procedures for the correct and efficient operation of water and wastewater treatment systems. Tertiary to this twofold intent is the proper preparation of operators to qualify for state licensure and certification examinations.

Download Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Operations by Frank R. Spellman PDF

The indented notes displayed in various locations throughout this text indicate or emphasize important points to study carefully.

This text is not about the planning, designing, or construction of water and wastewater treatment facilities. While these tasks are paramount to conception and construction of needed facilities and needed infrastructure, many excellent texts are available that cover these important areas. This text is not about engineering at all. Instead, it is about operations and is designed for the operator. We often forget the old axiom: someone must build it, but once built, someone must operate it. It is the operation of it that concerns us here.

This text is accessible to those who have no experience with water and wastewater operations. If you work through the text systematically, you can acquire and understanding of and skill in water and wastewater operations. This will add a critical component to your professional knowledge.

Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Operations

Frank R. Spellman
Handbook of Water and Wastewater treatment plant operations

Contents of the Book

  1. Problems Facing Water and Wastewater Treatment Operations
  2. Water and Wastewater Operators and Their Roles
  3. Water and Wastewater References, Models, and Terminology
  4. Water and Wastewater Math Operations
  5. Water Hydraulics
  6. Fundamentals of Electricity
  7. Hydraulic Machines: Pumps
  8. Water and Wastewater Conveyance
  9. Flow Measurement
  10. Basic Water Chemistry
  11. Water Microbiology
  12. Water Ecology
  13. Water Quality
  14. Biomonitoring, Monitoring, Sampling, and Testing
  15. Potable Water Sources
  16. Watershed Protection
  17. Water Treatment Operations and Unit Processes
  18. Wastewater Treatment

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Civil engineering is a vast subject. After graduation a civil engineer must remember important point on every aspect of civil engineering Objective Type Questions Book PDF. With this objective, competitive examinations are conducted to select candidates for admission to postgraduate courses, UPSE, BHEL, ONGC, NTPC organizations.

Civil Engineering Objective Type Questions by S. S. Bhavikatti

As it is difficult to go through all books on various subjects, this book has been prepared to enable the candidate to glance through all the subjects and  prepare themselves for the competitive examinations. Each aspect with important formulae, equations, definitions, principles, etc., it is first presented briefly and then an exhaustive set of objective type question with keys at the end are presented. The author hopes all Undergraduate students, students prepare for competitive examinations and practicing engineering will find this book useful.

Content of the Book Civil Engineering Objective Type Questions PDF

1. Materials of Construction

1.1 Stones
1.2 Characteristics of Good Building Stones
1.3 Timber
1.4 Bricks
1.5 Clay Products
1.6 Ferrous Metals
1.7 Non-Ferrous Metals
1.8 Alloys
1.9 Cement
1.10 Mortar
1.11 Cement Concrete
1.12 Concreting
1.13 Lime
1.14 Pozzolanas
1.15 Paints, Varnishes and Distempers
1.16 Miscellaneous Materials

2. Building Construction

2.1 Introduction
2.2 Foundations
2.3 Roofs

3. Surveying

3.1 Surveying
3.2 Errors in Surveying
3.3 Levelling
3.4 Permanent Adjustments of Dumpy level and Theodolite
3.5 Circular Curves
3.6 Precise Levelling

4. Engineering Mechanics

4.1 Resultant and Equilibrium of System of Coplanar Concurrent Forces
4.2 Beams
4.3 Friction
4.4 Centre of Gravity and Mass Moment of Inertia
4.5 Work Energy Method
4.6 Rotation of Rigid Bodies

5. Strength of Materials

5.1 Introduction
5.2 Simple Stresses and Strains
5.3 Compound Stresses and Strains
5.4 Theories of Failure
5.5 Shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams
5.6 Stresses in Beams
5.7 Torsion
5.8 Thin and Thick Cylinders and Spheres
5.9 Columns and Struts

6. Structural Analysis

6.1 Introduction
6.2 Influence Lines
6.3 Cables and Suspension Bridges
6.4 Slope Deflection Method
6.5 Moment Distribution Method
6.6 Column Analogy Method
6.7 Influence Line Diagrams for Statically Indeterminate Beams
6.8 Analysis of Multistorey Buildings by Approximate Methods
6.9 Two Hinged Arches
6.10 Matrix Method of Structure Analysis
6.11 Plastic Analysis

7. R.C.C. Design (As Per IS : 456-2000)

7.1 Methods of R.C.C. Design
7.2 Strength of Doubly Reinforced Sections
7.3 Limit State of Serviceability
7.4 Requirements of Reinforcements
7.5 Design of Circular and Odd Shaped Slabs
7.6 Yield Line Analysis of Slabs

8. Steel Structures (As Per IS 800-2007)

8.1 Advantages and Disadvantages
8.2 Principle of Limit State Design
8.3 Bolted Connections
8.4 Welded Connections
8.5 Design of Tension Member
8.6 Design of Compression Members
8.7 Column Splice
8.8 Design of Beams

9. Fluid Mechanics

9.1 Introduction
9.2 Kinematics of Fluid Motion
9.3 Dynamics of Fluids
9.4 Laws of Mechanics
9.5 Turbulent Flow in Pipes

10. Hydraulic Machines

10.1 Turbine
10.2 Types of Hydraulic Turbines
10.3 Pumps

11. Irrigation Engineering

11.1 Quality of Irrigation Water
11.2 Canal Irrigation System
11.3 Sedimentation Transport and Design of Channels
11.4 Cross Section of Canal
11.5 Waterlogging and Salinity of Soil
11.6 Diversion Head Works
11.7 Hydraulic Jump
11.8 Theories of Seepage
11.9 Canal Falls
11.10 Miscellaneous Canal Structures
11.11 Tank Irrigation

12. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering

12.1 Introduction
12.2 Properties of Soils
12.3 Permeability of Soil
12.4 Seepage
12.5 Compressibility and Consolidation
12.6 Shear Strength
12.7 Earth Pressure and Retaining Structure
12.8 Foundations
12.9 Soil Stabilization
12.10 Types of Foundations
13. Environmental Engineering
13.1 Sources of Water
13.2 Sanitary Engineering
14. Highway Engineering
14.1 Role of Transportation
14.2 Highway Construction
14.3 Traffic Engineering

15. Railway Engineering

15.1 Introduction
15.2 Sleepers
15.3 Ballast
15.4 Geometric Design
15.5 Curves

16.1 Tunnel Drainage

17. Docks and Harbour Engineering
17.1 Types of Harbours
17.2 Features of a Harbour

18. Bridge Engineering

18.1 History of Bridges
18.2 Selection of Bridge Site

19. Airport Engineering

19.1 Introduction
19.2 Terminal Area

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Artlantis is a family of stand-alone rendering applications developed for architects and designers.Below will you find a link to Artlantis Studio Download free Version for both 32 bit and 64 bit applications multi-lingual.

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Recognized and recommended by leading software developers, Artlantis is compatible with models designed using most 3D software. A recognized leader in preview window technology, Artlantis is the rendering software used by architects, designers and urban design professionals in more than 80 countries.

Chosen by more than 85,000 architects, designers, space planners, interior designers, urban planners, and landscape architects in over 80 countries, Artlantis Studio is the most intuitive, effective and accessible photorealistic rendering solution on the market.  Thanks to its graphic interface that requires no special training or experience in computer graphics, Artlantis studio is easily learned in a few hours.

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Artlantis Studio is the fastest stand-alone 3D rendering application developed especially for architects and designers, ideal for quickly and easily creating high resolution 3D renderings, QuickTime VR Panoramas, Objects and animations. A recognized leader in preview window technology, Artlantis is the rendering software used by architects, designers and urban design professionals in more than 80 countries.

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Architects and engineers often rely on drawings and models of their projects to aid in their work. However, 2D computer-aided design (CAD) models don't always provide these professionals with the speed and accuracy they need to complete projects or find solutions to challenges. 3D modeling has been used by architects around the world for many years to improve the efficiency and aesthetic of their designs.

Models are essential to architects and engineers, but they don't have to remain content with using traditional 2D drawings and renderings of their projects. 3D modeling that uses data collected from laser scanners can give these professionals the advantages they need to finish projects quickly, efficiently and within budget.

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Septic tank maintenance is one of the most overlooked aspects of plumbing and sewer maintenance among homeowners today. Partly, this is because nobody really wants to think about their septic tank – it does a dirty job, and most people don’t like to dwell on it, especially if it needs upkeep.

5 Ways To Maintain Your Septic Tank For A Long Lifespan - And How To Know When You Need A Replacement
5 Ways To Maintain Your Septic Tank For A Long Lifespan - And How To Know When You Need A Replacement

But septic tank repairs are among the most costly projects that a homeowner has to undertake. A total replacement of a critically damaged septic system can take weeks – and cost you upwards of $10,000. Repairs to a more well-maintained system are significantly cheaper – ranging from about $1,000-$4,000, with an average of about $2,000. Clearly, it’s better to catch your septic problems sooner rather than later.

Still, proper maintenance of a septic tank can avoid costly repairs altogether, so it’s a good idea to know what basic steps need to be taken to maintain your septic tank – whether you hire a technician or do it yourself.

So here are the 5 simplest ways to maintain your septic tank and ensure it has a long lifespan – and how to know when you need to replace it.

1. Pump Your Septic Tank Regularly 

Once a year, you should either inspect your septic tank yourself, or have a professional plumbing Winnipeg expert do so. You’ll want to measure the depth of the “scum” layer – the highest level of liquid in the tank. If it comes in at 3” from the top of the outlet, your tank needs to be pumped.

Measure the “sludge” also – this is the material that sits on the bottom of the septic tank. If it’s within 12” of the outlet, your tank needs to be pumped.

Pumping your tank regularly can stop catastrophic overflow, and if you hire a technician for the job, you can get a good sense of the performance and lifespan of your tank.

2. Don’t Flush Trash Down The Toilet.

There are two things that should be flushed down your toilet if you have a septic tank. Human waste and toilet paper. That’s it. You may be able to get away with flushing other things if you are connected directly to sewer system – though you still shouldn’t do so – but you can’t get away with this if you have a septic tank.

Anything you flush that’s not extremely biodegradable and meant to be kept in a septic tank will cause issues. This includes:

  • Cigarette butts
  • Tampons and sanitary napkins
  • Diapers
  • Paints, varnishes, or other chemical applications
  • Paper towels or rags that are not built to break apart in septic systems
  • Coffee grounds, nut shells, egg shells, and other kitchen waste
  • Greases and fats
  • Motor oils
  • Condoms

And anything else you could think to flush – even hair, such as shaving clippings and beard trimmings, should not be flushed when you are using a septic system.

3. Watch For Signs Of Failure 

Catching the failure of your septic tank early can be the difference between a total replacement, or some basic repairs. Watch for:

- Odors, suspicious sewage, wet spots, excess vegetation at your drain field
- Backups in your plumbing
- Strange gurgling sounds in your pipes and septic system
- Fixtures that drain slowly

These are all signs of imminent septic tank failure – or a septic tank that is currently failing.

4. Keep Records Of The Location, Design, And Maintenance of Your Tank 

Having robust records of all of the details and maintenance that has been done to your septic tank is a great way to ensure that any professionals working on your tank will have a comprehensive knowledge of the system they’re dealing with, and allow future owners of the house to have a record of your septic system and its lifespan.

5.  When In Doubt, Call A Professional. Seriously. 

Did we mention a full septic tank replacement can cost you $10,000 on the low end? If you think something is wrong with your septic system, and you’re not willing, able, or qualified to maintain or check your tank, call a professional septic technician.

A $100 service call is much cheaper than a full septic tank replacement – and if nothing is wrong, you’ll still have peace of mind, knowing your tank is functioning as designed.

Don’t Risk Your Tank – Or Your Cash

By following these simple tips – maintaining and pumping your tank, avoiding the flushing of dangerous items, watching your system for failure, keeping good records of tank maintenance, and calling a professional if you think something is wrong – you can guarantee that your tank lives a long life, and avoid an extremely costly septic tank repair or replacement.


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