For working stress approach, service loads are used in the whole design and the strength of material is not utilized in the full extent. In this method of design, stresses acting on structural members are calculated based on elastic method ...

Today I am going to share with you a very excellent Excel Sheet for the design and analysis of Isolated Foundation of column based on ACI 318 code. It involves all the checks and steps involved. Download Isolated Foundation Design ...

Prestressed Concrete is basically concrete in which internal stresses of a suitable magnitude and sitribution are introduced so that the stresses resulting from external loads are counteracted to a desired degress. In reinforced concrete members, the pre-stress is commonly introduced ...

A series of steps must be followed to obtain a satisfactory design. STEP 1: SELECT PRELIMINARY PROPORTIONS OF THE WALL. STEP 2: DETERMINE LOADS AND EARTH PRESSURES. STEP 3: CALCULATE MAGNITUDE OF REACTION FORCES ON BASE. STEP 4: CHECK STABILITY ...

Concept of Influence line was developed by Winkler in 1867. Influence Line Diagram (ILD) concept is used for analysis of structures that are subjected to variable or moving loads. So in this post you would know What is influence Line ...

Steel structures are considered highly effective in terms of light weight and high rise structures. They are more earth quake resistant and more long lasting. Steel structures needs more maintenance and care as compared with concrete structures. In advanced countries ...

Structural Concrete Slabs are constructed to provide flat surfaces, usually horizontal, in building floors, roofs, bridges, and other types of structures. The slab may be supported by walls, by reinforced concrete beams usually cast monolithically with the slab, by structural ...

Structural Concrete Slabs are constructed to provide flat surfaces, usually horizontal, in building floors, roofs, bridges, and other types of structures. The slab may be supported by walls, by reinforced concrete beams usually cast monolithically with the slab, by structural ...

Reinforced Concrete Floor systems normally consist of slabs and beams that are placed monolithic-ally. As a result, the two parts act together to resist loads. In effect, the beams have extra width’s on their tops, called flanges and the resulting ...

Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIAS) offer a short course on Tunnels Concept, Design and Construction on 25-26 August 2014, PIAS, Islamabad, Pakistan. The details of this course is as under. Scope: The Course focuses on planning, design ...