The interest in seismic stratigraphic techniques to interpret seismic datasets is expanding continuously. The advent of sophisticated subsurface reservoir studies and 4D monitoring, for optimizing the hydrocarbon production in existing fields, do demonstrate the importance of the 3D seismic methodology.  ...

Protection of foundation structures against attack by soils and ground water A site investigation in one form or another is always required for any engineering or building structure. The investigation may range in scope from a simple examination of the ...

Since our beginnings, we have sought shelter as protection from the elements. Yet, even today, after centuries of technological advances in materials and construction techniques, we are still confronted by nature’s elements contaminating our constructed shelters. This is not due ...

Throughout the history of civilization bridges have been the icons of cities, regions, and countries. All bridges are useful for transportation, commerce, and war. Bridges are necessary for civilization to exist, and many bridges are beautiful. A few have become ...

In any construction project it is obligation of a contractor to establish a well equipped material testing laboratory. Quality Control Manager or Quality Control Inspector has a team along with Material Engineer from consultant end and one material engineer from ...

Environmental engineering is essential for development of facilities for protection of the environment and for the proper management of natural resources. The environmental engineer places special attention on the biological, chemical, and physical reactions in the air, land, and water ...

Quantity surveyor can be regarded as the initiator of any project, once the project is planned the most important initial step is to quantify the quantities and estimate the rates and prepare a BOQ which is called bill of quantities ...

Steel structures are considered highly effective in terms of light weight and high rise structures. They are more earth quake resistant and more long lasting. Steel structures needs more maintenance and care as compared with concrete structures. In advanced countries ...

Transportation Engineering is one of a significant part of infrastructure engineering and Civil Engineering. The progress of any country can be judged easily by the quality of standards employed in transportation engineering. With the advancement of technology and employing the ...

The construction industry is one of the largest segments of business in the United States, with the percentage of the gross national product spent in construction over the last several years averaging about 10%. For 2001, the total amount spent ...