Mass Transit System – Impacts, Advantages and Disadvantages

Mass transportation is any kind of transportation system in
which large numbers of people are carried within a single vehicle or
combination of vehicles. Airplanes, railways, buses, trolleys, light rail
systems, and subways are examples of mass transportation systems. The term mass
transit is commonly used as a synonym for mass transportation.
Mass Transit System - Impacts, Advantages and Disadvantages
Mass transit system refers to public shared transportation,
such as trains, buses, ferries etc that can commute a larger number of
passengers from origin to destination on a no-reserved basis and in lesser
time. It can also be termed as Public Transport.

Impacts – Advantages of Mass Transit Train:

The following will be the impacts or advantages of Mass
Transit Train in Pakistan.

Environmental Impacts:

Mass transit train is believed to be more environmental
friendly or eco-friendly than other public transport facilities. Private
vehicles emit about twice as much carbon monoxide and other volatile organic
compounds than public vehicles. Mass transit reduces the number of cars on the
road which in turn reduces the pollution caused by individual cars.

Social Impacts of Mass Transit:

All members of the society irrespective of their financial
status, religion or cast are able to travel which enhances the social integrity
of the country. The necessity of a driving license is also eliminated. It is a
blessing for those individuals who are unable to drive.

Economic Impacts of Mass Transit:          

Mass transit train in Pakistan can improve the both
usefulness and efficiency of the public transit system as well as result in
increased business for commercial developments and thus serves to improve the
economy of the country. Transit systems also have an indirect positive effect
on other businesses. Mass transit systems offer considerable savings in labor,
materials, and energy over private transit systems.

 Reasonable Capacity:

 Also mass transit
train will allows a higher amount of load to be transported to far away
destinations in lesser time because of its reasonable capacity than private
vehicles. Because of their larger capacity offering them to carry high
efficient engines they also help in saving fuels.

Employment opportunities:

The Mass transit train project will provide employment
opportunities in Pakistan because the whole labour required for that project
will be from Pakistan.

Other Positive Impacts:

Reduces congestion:

The main idea behind mass transit train in Pakistan is to
reduce the number of vehicles on the road by providing a larger facility which
carries higher number of passengers thus eliminating congestion.

Saves Time:

Mass transit train will reduces the travel time to a great
extent as it moves at high speeds and stops only at specific spots.

Cost Effective:

Mass transit is comparably cheaper than other modes of
public transport.

Disadvantages of Mass Transit Train:

Pakistan has to face the following consequences in order to
establish the whole Mass Transit Train project. The disadvantages of that
project are explained as under:

High Fares:

Rs. 140 aside. Will anyone pay such a fare? It’s too much
for worker class who will be the main consumers of this service.

Expensive to import the technology:

 Too expensive to
import the technology and maintain the service. 
Pakistan has to pay the huge amount for the import of the technology as
well as has to pay the engineers of china because it have been decided that the
engineering staff will be from China.

Large investment:

The Mass Transit Train project requires a large investment
of capital. The cost of construction, maintenance and overhead expenses are
very high as compared to other modes of transport. Moreover, the investments
are specific and immobile. In case the traffic is not sufficient, the
investments may mean wastage of huge resources

Noise Pollution:

Another disadvantage of the Mass Transit Train is that it
will create noise pollution in Pakistan.

Require Huge Capital:

The Mass Transit Train project require huge capital outlay,
they may give rise to monopolies and work against public interest at large.
Even if controlled and managed by the government, lack of competition may breed
in inefficiency and high costs.
Saad Iqbal
Hi there, I am Saad Iqbal from Pakistan. I am an enthusiastic blogger, passionate content creator, construction geek, and a creative graphic designer. Connect with me at my social channels.