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What is Frost Wall? Purpose & Types

Building houses and structures in extreme climates is always a challenge, the temperature depending characteristics of building materials is the sole reason for such a trial. Concrete pouring in hot expands too much and in cold climate contracts too much thereby producing such internal stresses that if not properly taken under-consideration would produce extreme internal strains that might be…
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Difference Between Shear Wall and Column

Yesterday on our one social networking platform a student from India asked us a question “What is the difference between a Shear Wall and a Column”. Although the two structures are way too different from one another and one can’t expect to have confusion between these…
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What is Stepped Foundation

The natural surface of ground is not always level and mostly to such an extent that there may be a considerable slope either across or along or both across and along the site of most buildings. Where the ground floor is to be at or just above ground level at the highest…
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What are Culverts? Definition and Types

An opening through an embankment for the conveyance of water by mean of pipe or an enclosed channel is called Culvert. It is a actually a transverse and totally enclosed drain under road, railroad, trail, or similar obstruction. Definition of Culvert Culvert actually is a tunnel like structure constructed under roadways or railways to provide cross drainage of water or fluid and to take electrical…
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What is Bar Bending Schedule?

Bar Bending Schedule or BBS is actually a detailed tabulated worksheet showing the particulars of reinforcing bars as needed in reinforcement drawings of a structure. The phrase “Bar Bending” is so because at the steel yard where different types of reinforcement are cut…
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How to Construct Bar Bending Schedule of a RCC Beam?

Now let us develop bar bending schedule manually from the start and for the beginners who are just about to dive in this field. Longitudinal Section of a Typical Beam Sections of RCC Beam In this example we will assume a rectangular beam supporting from both ends probably on walls having a span of 10 feet. All the work here will be done in fps system however the procedure and…
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Use of Soil-Cement in Pavement and Highways

Soil cement is a highly dense and tightly compacted, hard or semi-rigid, durable and low cost mixture of pulverized natural soil, cement and water that hardens as a result of hydration reaction of cement and water. .myButton { -moz-box-shadow: 0px 10px 14px -7px #276873; -webkit-box-shadow: 0px 10px 14px -7px #276873; box-shadow: 0px 10px 14px -7px #276873…
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Post Tensioning, Methods, Advantages

Post-tensioning is a method of reinforcing (strengthening) concrete or other materials with high-strength steel strands or bars, typically referred to as tendons.  Post-tensioning applications include:- office and apartment buildings, parking…
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Raft Foundation

The word foundation is taken as the base of everything, the mind directly shifts towards the importance, safety related words that are associated in a must-to-have manner. Similarly in Civil Engineering and in structures foundation is the supporting base of a structure which…
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Carbon Fiber Reinforced Concrete

Carbon Fiber Reinforced Concrete sometimes called carboconcrete is a type of concrete that is reinforced with carbon fibers so it’s also known as “Carbon Reinforced Concrete”; It is a highly stressable lightweight composite construction that combines special fine grain ultra high-strength concrete and carbon fibers. It has higher strength than steel with quarter of its weight. As for…
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Parts of Bridge

Bridge is basically a structure that is carrying a road, a path, railway etc. across a river, road or other obstable. It is a structure spanning and providing passage over a river, chasm, road or the like.  At the end of this post you will be able to understand :-  What…
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Types of Building Structures

Construction of buildings can be divided into three main categories: Load bearing constructionComposite constructionFramed construction But among the three types, framed construction is widely used for all kinds of constructions. An engineering structure is an assembly of…
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Admixtures in Concrete, Definition Types and Benefits

Materials added to concrete during or before mixing are referred to as admixtures. They are used to improve the performance of concrete in certain situations as well as to lower its cost. There is a rather well-known saying regarding admixtures, to the effect that  Different Types of Admixtures “they are to concrete as beauty aids are to the populace.” An admixture can be defined…
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