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State Bank of Pakistan Recruitment of Professional Engineers. SBP Banking Services Corporation (SBP BSC) was established in 2001 as a wholly owned subsidiary of State Bank of Pakistan. As an operational arm of State Bank, SBP BSC operates through a network of 16 Field Offices across the country having its Head Office at Karachi. For further details, please visit our website www.sbp.org.pk/sbp_bsc. In order to further strengthen its Engineering Department, SBP BSC invites applications from talented Pakistani/AJK nationals possessing requisite qualification and experience for the following positions. 



Sr. Joint Director – Civil (OG-05)


Qualification : Bachelors degree (BE/BS/B.Sc) in the relevant discipline from HEC recognized university with a valid Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC) registration. Additional Qualification i.e. Masters degree in the relevant field will be an added advantage. In case the degree is obtained from a foreign university, the short-listed candidates shall be required to submit the equivalence certificate from Higher Education Comission (HEC) at the time of interview. 

Age : Maximum 45 years as on last date of submission of application to SBP BSC. Age limit shall be relaxed by 03 years of candidates from FATA. Northern Areas / Gilgit Baltistan. Balochistan and Azad Kashmir, Employees of SBP and its subsidiaries, possessing requisite qualification and experience are eligible to apply without upper age limit. 

The candidate must have a minimum of 18 years of relevant post-qualification experience with supervisory capabilities and demonstrated / verifiable track record of smoothly running respective engineering related function in dynamic and comparable public/private sector organizations. The candidate must also have experience of managing construction of at least one building project worth more than Rs. 100 million. Preparation and reviewing of tender / bidding documents with respect to PPRA guidelines will be an added advantage. Candidate having building work experience will be preferred. 

Assistant Executive Engineer – Civil (OG-2) 


Bachelors Degree (BE/BS/B.Sc.) in the relevant discipline from HEC recognized university / institute having minimum 60 % marks and a valid Pakistan engineering council (PEC) registration. Additional qualification i.e. Master degree in the relevant field will be an added advantage. In case the degree is obtained from a foreign university short listed candidates shall be required to submit the equivalence certificate from Higher Education Comission (HEC) at the time of interview. 

Maximum 30 years as on the last date of submission of applications to SBP BSC. Age limit shall be relaxed by 03 years for candidates from FATA, and other areas. Employees of SBP and its subsidiaries, possessing requisite qualification and experience are eligible to apply without upper age limit. 

The candidate must have a minimum one year of relevant post-qualification experience in building projects in renowned public / private sector organizations. Preparation and analyzing of tender / bidding documents with respect to PPRA guidelines will be an added advantage. 


This Civil Engineering Jobs in State Bank of Pakistan, Karachi is best opportunity for experienced Civil Engineers. All Civil Engineering jobs in State Bank of Pakistan, Karachi is collected from different Newspapers on every Sunday and shared for our viewers so that that can apply for the job and get the employment in State Bank of Pakistan, Karachi  as Civil Engineer. These Jobs are for the Oil Depot Sector, So you must have experience in Oil Depot including Structural Framing, Concrete Works. 

We have prepared a group on Facebook where you can get the alerts about Jobs in State Bank of Pakistan, Karachi. If you know any job opportunity in Private Sector both permanent Jobs and Jobs on contract basis you can contact us, you can inform us about the job.



If you are a fresh or experienced civil engineer living in Pakistan and seeking Civil Engineering Job in Building Sector than don’t post or share your CV here as we are not a part of the department and we are just sharing it so that you can get the opportunity to apply for this job.


Punjab Thermal Power (Pvt) Limited is a company wholly owned by Government of Punjab established for setting up an around 1200 MW Punjab Power Plant at District jhang. They  are seeking to hire following professionals and support staff on highly competitive compensation package and attractive incentives. It is also an opportunity to become part of a leading initiative. The place of posting will be Head Office at Lahore or Site Office at District Jhang.



Assistant Manager Civil Job


Bachelor’s Degree in Engineering (Civil) – At least 2 years relevant experience of Power Sector. Experience in setting up of power plant would be preferred.

Pubjab Thermal Power Pvt. Limited Company  are an equal opportunity employer. Females are encouraged to apply. No TA/DA will be given for the purpose of interview. Shortlisting will be done on the basis of qualification and relevant experience. Only complete applications will be considered and short listed candidates will be called for interview. The last date for submission of Applications is 31st July, 2017. Application (Cover letter, detailed resume and NOC in case of Government Employee should be submitted to :-

Company Secretary
Punjab Thermal Power (Pvt) limited.
First Floor, 7-c-1, Gulber III, Lahore


Phone : +92-42-35750936-8



This Civil Engineering Jobs in  Punjab Thermal Power (PVT) Limited Lahore, Pakistan is best opportunity for experienced Civil Engineers. All Civil Engineering jobs in Punjab Thermal Power (PVT) Limited Lahore, Pakistan  is collected from different Newspapers on every Sunday and shared for our viewers so that that can apply for the job and get the employment in Punjab Thermal Power (PVT) Limited Lahore, Pakistan as Civil Engineer. These Jobs are for the Thermal Power Sector So you must have experience in Power Projects

We have prepared a group on Facebook where you can get the alerts about Jobs in Punjab Thermal Power (PVT) Limited Lahore, Pakistan If you know any job opportunity in Private Sector both permanent Jobs and Jobs on contract basis you can contact us, you can inform us about the job.



If you are a fresh or experienced civil engineer living in Pakistan and seeking Civil Engineering Job in Power Sector than don’t post or share your CV here as we are not a part of the department and we are just sharing it so that you can get the opportunity to apply for this job.

Ali Brothers a reputable construction company is looking for ambitious and proactive individuals for the following positions in Head Office and various regional sites across Pakistan.



1.       Civil Engineers (Male)

BS Civil Engineering, 3-5 years experience in building Construction. Proficient in Primavera & AutoCAD.

Send you CV latest by 20 July, 2017 at [email protected]

Office#407, 4th Floor, Dossal Arcade, Jinnah Avenue, blue Area, Islamabad, 



This Civil Engineering Jobs in Ali Brothers Pvt Limited., Islamabad, Pakistan is best opportunity for experienced Civil Engineers. All Civil Engineering jobs in Ali Brothers Pvt Limited, Pakistan  is collected from different Newspapers on every Sunday and shared for our viewers so that that can apply for the job and get the employment in Ali Brothers Pvt Limited, Pakistan  as Civil Engineer. These Jobs are for the Primavera, Project management, So you must have experience in Oil Depot including Structural Framing, Concrete Works. 

We have prepared a group on Facebook where you can get the alerts about Jobs in Elite Engineering Pvt Limited. If you know any job opportunity in Private Sector both permanent Jobs and Jobs on contract basis you can contact us, you can inform us about the job.



If you are a fresh or experienced civil engineer living in Pakistan and seeking Civil Engineering Job in Building Sector than don’t post or share your CV here as we are not a part of the department and we are just sharing it so that you can get the opportunity to apply for this job.

Elite Engineering Pvt Limited is the leading EPC Contracting Company of Pakistan. They require the services of qualified, capable and carrer-oriented individuals for following field base positions for their project in Punjab, Sindh and KPK. They offer a congenial but challenging work environment conducive to growth with market-driven salary and benefit packages.

 Civil Engineers, DAE, Both Fresh and Experienced Jobs in Elite Engineering (PVT) Ltd. July, 2017

Civil Engineers, DAE, Both Fresh and Experienced Jobs in Elite Engineering (PVT) Ltd. July, 2017



1. Project Manager.

DAE (Civil) / B.Tech / B.Tech (Hons) with minimum 15 years experience in Construction of Bulk Oil Depots. Must be able to lead a team of supervisors to complete the assigned project according to budget, design, quality standards and timelines.
2. Civil Supervisors

3. Junior Civil Supervisors
4. Mechanical Supervisors
5. Land Surveyors
6. Assistant Land Surveyors

Apply Now


Interested candidates are requested to send their latest CVs with recent photograph to

Manager HR & Admin, Elite Engineering (Pvt) Ltd. 113-L1, Valancia Town, Lahore

on or before 19th July, 2017.

Please mark envelope with position applied for and preferred are of posting. CVs without latest photograph will not be accepted.


This Civil Engineering Jobs in Elite Engineering Pvt Limited., Lahore, Pakistan is best opportunity for experienced Civil Engineers. All Civil Engineering jobs in Elite Engineering Pvt Limited, Pakistan  is collected from different Newspapers on every Sunday and shared for our viewers so that that can apply for the job and get the employment in Elite Engineering Pvt Limited, Pakistan  as Civil Engineer. These Jobs are for the Oil Depot Sector, So you must have experience in Oil Depot including Structural Framing, Concrete Works. 

We have prepared a group on Facebook where you can get the alerts about Jobs in Elite Engineering Pvt Limited. If you know any job opportunity in Private Sector both permanent Jobs and Jobs on contract basis you can contact us, you can inform us about the job.



If you are a fresh or experienced civil engineer living in Pakistan and seeking Civil Engineering Job in Building Sector than don’t post or share your CV here as we are not a part of the department and we are just sharing it so that you can get the opportunity to apply for this job.

What would you do if you enter in a building and saw some cracks in a beautiful pattern like that of an ECG of human heart? Obviously you will start running out of that building. But what if the designer of that building gives you a surety that he has checked all the structural requirements and the design as well as the building is safe even after those beautiful cracks? Obviously again you will not stop your run hell out of that scary building.



So from above we can conclude that the building was designed and meant to accommodate humans, but as human brain has built-in functions to save the life and avoid death / injury as much as possible, therefore this building does not serve its purpose as it is scary and have a chilling effect in it. After said that we can now understand the actual meaning of serviceability of a building, in general and of a concrete structure, in particular.

Similarly bending in beams or buckling in columns is also a serviceability criterion that must be kept minimum or within the required ranges as per the code generally used within the locality.
As a student of Structural engineering you might already know about two different methodologies for designing a structure generally. Let me remind you in short, these two methods are named as :-

1) Allowable Stress Design Method
2) Ultimate Strength Design Method

In Allowable Stress Design procedure, for any particular type of material used for structure; like timber, concrete, steel an allowable stress range is decided and provided by the code. The designer is bound to keep the internal as well as external stresses within those limits. Concrete Structures in Allowable Stress Design procedure is never allowed to have even small cracking on its surface.

But the above method of design has some limitations; a Major one of those is larger cross-sections and excessive reinforcement. But this was adopted in the past as the knowledge about different materials of construction was limited as well as not that exact and trustful. However, with advancement in material engineering, the material engineer started believing in their knowledge and in the strength of the construction materials.

Ultimate strength design procedure utilizes the fullest of the available strength of materials i.e. allowing the steel to get yielded up to certain extent and even consider a minimum cracks of certain width not a safety hazard for the occupants.

So after the above discussion we can conclude :

1) A concrete structure is expected and is somehow healthy to be of a cracked section, but only within certain limits and ranges.
2) The crack within the concrete member needed to be within a limit so as to fulfill the serviceability criterion of the code.

One other reason to keep the crack within limit, beside serviceability, is sustainability is now explained. A Reinforced Cement Concrete Beam having a mesh of steel reinforcement cannot sustain its complete compressive as well as tensile strength if the moisture can get penetrated to the embedded steel rebars through the allowed cracks.

Due to that reason, the ductility, capacity, energy absoption, stiffness  and structural performance of the concrete demands the designer to keep the width of the crack minimum and within a control.
The width of the crack can be assumed to depend on following :

1) Nature of the reinforcing steel
2) Spacing of the flexural steel reinforcement
3) Nature of bond between steel bar and that of tension zone of concrete.

Now let me explain to you that why actually we want the concrete to get crack a bit? 

A general answer is actually already provided above, however, we can discuss that in detail here from strength of materials point of view. We know from strength of materials that concrete is strong in compression and weak in tension with tensile strength only a fraction of compressive strength of concrete.

If we consider a beam with modulus of rupture in such a range that at modulus of rupture the stress in concrete is around 500 psi, then the stress within steel according of modular ratio relation would be 500 x 8 (assuming a general value of modular ratio of 8) = 4500 psi or 4.5 ksi whereas the yield strength of the steel reinforcement is around 40 to 75 ksi ( It is important here to know that Grade of steel recorded in the drawings or in the specifications of a project is actually the yield strength of the steel reinforcement bars in thousands of Psi like Grade 60 steel would mean fy = 60,000 psi).

For those who don’t know Modular ratio for reinforcement and concrete is the ratio of modulus of elasticity of steel rebar with that of modulus of elasticity of Concrete i.e. n=Es / Ec.

As for beam considered above the stress in steel reinforcement is way below the yield strength of the steel rebar therefore providing reinforcement in the steel is of no use in such a case.


Now in the next coming paragraphs we will try to talk about the equations that is usually used to calculate the width of crack in a concrete member. Two common equations that have found applications in the ACI code are :-

1) Gergely and Lutz equation (z-factor method)
2) Frosh Equation

The above mentioned equations utilizes the conclusions and findings from series of tests and experiments.

Gergely and Lutz Equation

Gergely and Lutz used test results from Hognestad, Kaar and Mattock, Kaar and Hognestad, Clark and Rush and Rehm to conclude their equation for the calculation of crack widths at the tension surface.

The Original equation developed by Gergely and Lutz is as follows :-

Gergely and Lutz Equation

Gergely and Lutz Equation


Where Ws is the maximum crack width at level of steel reinforcement in mm
fs = the stress in the steel reinforcement in N/mm^2

Ao = Area of concrete surrounding each bar. This is measures by dividing total effective concrete tension area surrounding reinforcement having identical centroid by total number of bars (mm^2)



To obtain the maximum crack width(Wm) at extreme tensioned fiber the above equation is multiplied by a factor β.


 Frosh Equation

According to Frosh , the maximum concrete cover, c used in the test analyzed by Gergely and Lutz was 84 mm and only three specimens of their test group among 612 observations had clear covers greater than 64 mm.




According to Frosh their equation is valid for a relatively narrow range of concrete covers (i.e. upto 63 mm). The use of thicker concrete covers is increasing because research and experience have indicated that the use of thicker covers can increase durability. Therefore, Frosh developed the following simple, theoretically-derived equation to predict crack widths that could be used regardless the actual concrete cover.


ACI Code Provision 

According to ACI 318-95, the flexural crack control requirements must be in accordance with z-factor method developed by Gergely and Lutz. Following the extensive statistical analysis techniques on experimental data from several researchers. The equation used is as follows :-



The factors involved in the above equation to use the crack width is already explained above.

Ultra-high performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete is a relatively new construction material having minimum coarse aggregate (usually size greater than 6-7 mm is not used) having discrete random steel fibers uniformly distributed across the concrete matrix with the basic strength of above 14,000 psi (100 MPa) in 3 or 4 days that can go upto as high as 25,000 psi at 28 days ultimate cure. 

What is Ultra High Performance Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC)?
\What is Ultra High Performance Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC)? 

Concrete is among the widely used construction material due to some of its high-five benefits including easily availability of raw materials, easy casting and so on. But along with those mouthwatering delicious advantages there are some drawbacks and shortcomings rendering a reason for most skyscrapers to be of steel structure.

Being said that, still the material engineers, civil engineers and scientists are trying to uplift and enhance the properties lied within the matrix of concrete mass. Among those efforts one listed attempt is introduction of randomly oriented uniformly distributed discrete sort of fibers of any material including glass, geo-synthetics and steel. 

The idea for steel fibers in fiber reinforced concrete is not a new one; after finding the health-risks associated with asbestos fiber reinforced concrete, the steel fiber finds its way around 1960s. 

The properties of concrete like freez-thaw, ductility, toughness, shrinkage, impact, abrasion, permeability, bleeding, pumpability, spalling and so on, each of such properties can be improved and enhanced in an appreciable manner with the introduction to fibers and specially steel fibers in the concrete. 

Conventional concrete is liable to cracking from the day first of its service due to its plasticity and due to drying after hydration causing shrinkage and producing hair like thin cracks. Conventional unreinforced concrete is well known to be strong in compression with only 10 to 15% tensile strength as compared to that of compressive strength. 

Synthetic Fibers
Synthetic Fibers



Due to its small flexural resistance a newly casted beam of concrete is liable to crack from the center due to maximum moment and this is the reason for considering reduced cross-sectional area of the beam in design practices as per design codes. 

One more bad behaving of the concrete is recorded as “brittle in nature”, which is the most hazardous and precarious behavior of a structure from serviceability and safety point of view. 
All of aforesaid drawbacks can be minimized and up to some extent eliminated by the use of Steel Fiber reinforced concrete. 

Steel Fibers in Concrete
Steel Fibers in Concrete


A significant commercial application of Steel Fiber reinforced concrete can be witnessed in Al McGuire Center a 3700 seat arena in Milwaukee, Wisconsin at Marquette University, America where a Opus North, a design / build construction firm have used 46 pounds of Steel fibers in the concrete to make it no-joint, no-crack floor. 

McGuire Center
McGuire Center


Advantages of using Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete


Steel fibers can:
Improve structural strength
Reduce steel reinforcement requirements
Reduce crack widths and control the crack widths tightly, thus improving durability
Improve impact– and abrasion–resistance
Improve freeze-thaw resistance

You cannot degrade the enhancements and augmentations this steel fiber can put-in to the conventional concrete properties. In specific circumstances, steel fiber can completely eliminate the need of steel reinforcement bar (rebar) in reinforced concrete.  There are many projects having industrial flooring made of only steel fiber reinforced concrete without any steel deformed rebars similarly there are many tunneling projects using precast lining segments reinforced only with steel fibers. 

Beside all other benefits and paybacks the steel fibers made in the conventional concrete; the crack-minimizing behavior of steel fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC) is the winner of all from the eyes of the industrialists and construction experts.

Ultra-High Performance Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC) 


Through the numerous experimental studies, it turns out that the addition of steel fibers can improve the structural capability of concrete. Even though SFRC has many advantages as structural material, some limitations still exist in the construction of the large-scale structures that requires very high compressive and tensile strength.

Definition of Ultra High Performance Fiber reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC) 


Ultra-high performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete is a relatively new construction material having minimum coarse aggregate (usually size greater than 6-7 mm is not used) having discrete random steel fibers uniformly distributed across the concrete matrix with the basic strength of above 14,000 psi (100 MPa) in 3 or 4 days that can go upto as high as 25,000 psi at 28 days ultimate cure. 

Ultra High Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC) is self-leveling concrete that can flows for hours, It is a very expansive construction concrete that is usually batched in very small quantities.  From physical seeing UHPFRC is similar to the conventional concrete with only difference that it does not have coarse aggregate. 

UHPFRC has gained enough popularity in recent times in Europe, North American, Australia, Far East and especially Japan. 

The Museum of European and Mediterranean Civilizations (MUCEM) constitutes an outstanding realization due to the systematic structural and decorative use of UHPFRC. The MUCEM, in hosting the venue of UHPFRC 2013 symposium, has appeared as a symbol of worldwide engineering community, technical breakthrough and creativity.

Although a lot of research and modifications to the already available methods of design for structures need to be revised or studied in depth regarding the ultra-high performance fiber reinforced concrete. 

Disadvantages



  • Although there are many advantages of Ultra-High Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete but there are limitations as well:- 
  • There are complications involved in attaining uniform dispersal of fibers and consistent concrete characteristics.
  • The use of UHPFRC requires a more precise configuration compared to normal concrete.
  • Another problem is that unless steel fibers are added in adequate quantity, the desired improvements cannot be obtained.
  • However, as the quantity of fibers is increased, the workability of the concrete is affected. Therefore, special techniques and concrete mixtures are used for steel fibers. If proper techniques and proportions are not used, the fibers may also cause a finishing problem, with the fibers coming out of the concrete.



ZK & Associates is a medium sized Construction Company having varied experience in all major fields of civil engineering and associated electrical works. The Company was established in 2002, with a team of skilled and experienced engineers whose individual bio-data reflects on the capability and potential of the organization.

ZK & Associates Construction Company in Rawalpindi, Pakistan
ZK & Associates Construction Company in Rawalpindi, Pakistan



Profile / Intro of the company

As a pre-eminent infrastructure company, established over four decades ago,Zahir Khan & Brothers has, over the years, strongly anchored itself to Pakistan's development effort. At the time of its conception the company operated solely within the Baluchistan region, but with the passage of time they have expanded the scope of their operations throughout the country.

Today it is acknowledged as a company that continues to empower Pakistan, enabling the nation to surge ahead in different core sectors. At the heart of all our development efforts is the attempt to touch and improve the quality of life of people across the length and breadth of the country.


Services of the Company

ZK & Associates have the organization and capability to serve successfully, and would like to extend their services to any type of project.

  • Bridges and Flyovers
  • Rehabilitation of Bridges
  • Roads (Asphalt & Rigid Pavement)
  • Underpasses (Vehicular and Pedestrian)
  • Buildings Construction and Renovation
  • Hydropower Projects
  • Water & Sewerage
  • Water Treatment Plants
  • Shotcreting & Secant Pile Work



Contact Details :- 

Address: 411, Poonch House,
Adam Jee Road, Saddar,
Rawalpindi - Pakistan


Call : +92 51 5566441-42
Email: [email protected]
Web:  http://zkassociates.com.pk


Projects of ZKB Construction Company in Operation 

CONSTRUCTION OF PESHAWAR MORE INTERCHANGE-MBS-PACKAGE-II ISLAMABAD
CONSTRUCTION OF VEHICULAR UNDERPASS, NEAR DISTT COURT RAWALPINDI
CONSTRUCTION BRIDGE OVER RIVER NEELUM AT JALALABAD, MUZAFFARABAD
CONSTRUCTION OF LANGARPUR BRIDGE OVER RIVER JHELUM, AJK
CONSTRUCTION OF THOTA BRIDGE OVER RIVER JHELUM, AJK
Dhanna Hydropower Project
Hajira Hydropower Project
Kapa Banna Mula Hydropower Project
Jhing Hydropower Project

Get your Directions Map for ZK & Associates Construction Company, Pakistan





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From Editor's Desk

If you are a construction company working in Pakistan than this is a best opportunity for you to enlist your business with iamcivilengineer.com and get your desired audience know your profile.
Contact us @92 347 9231525 or email us @ [email protected] for an immediate company listing. 

Reason to soak the bricks in water can be understood by first having to study the behavior of the materials involved in brick masonry. The Basic materials involved in Brick Masonry are:-

1) Clay Bricks / Tiles
2) Cement-Sand Mortar

Brick is actually termed as any building material which is rectangular in shape; however usually the word clay is used for a construction material unit used to render a wall of brick masonry with the help of mortar.

  Why brick are soaked in water before lying in Brickwork?
  Why brick are soaked in water before lying in Brickwork? 


Mortar is a mixture of cement and sand that is mixed in suitable proportion with water to lay bricks / tiles or even do the plastering work for brick masonry or block masonry.
As we already know about cement that after addition of water with cement a hydration reaction takes place which converts it into a hard rock-like mass which takes a permanent shape in which it is placed.

   Each of the four main cement minerals reacts at a different rate and tends to form different solid phases when it hydrates.

In order to ensure timely and proper hydration reaction it is ensured that sufficient water is applied to the concrete and that is the reason why we found jute cloth or standing water on the concrete slabs just after its casting process.

If this water is not applied in plenty the heat of hydration (heat generated during hydration reaction in cement) will cause cracks on the surface also called shrinkage cracks which may be deteriorating for the structure. Therefore it is always ensured to provide water in any form to the concrete.

Now the next construction material under consideration is Brick which is made of clay and as we know from the matrix of the clay material that is a porous structure having sufficient voids that creates brick a water absorbing giant.

Therefore if without soaking you will start laying bricks it will be, for sure, start absorbing the water from the cement sand mortar and in return the hydration will not properly took place which will make brick masonry a low strength and doubtful structure from strength point of view.

One more reason of soaking the brick in water is to clear the brick from any dirt and unwanted dust or mud etc. This will ensure proper bond between different bricks.

This Book on Bridge Design is intended to serve both as a study reference for practicing engineers and engineering faculty preparing for the civil and structural professional engineering examinations, and as classroom text for civil engineering seniors and graduate students.


Bridge Design for the Civil and Structural Professional Engineering Exams by Rober H and Jai B. Kim
Bridge Design for the Civil and Structural Professional Engineering Exams by Rober H and Jai B. Kim


It is essential that readers of this material have access to the latest edition of the standard Specifications for Highway bridges by the American Association of State highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO). The current version is the 16th edition with the 1997, 1998, and 1999 Interim Revisions. Another necessary reference is the AASHTO Manual for Condition Evaluation of Bridges, 1994, with the 1995, 1996, 1998, and 2000 Interim Revisions.

This book includes five comprehensive design examples that can quickly acquaint the reader with current bridges design practices in the United States. Work the design examples using AASHTO references.

When you have mastered the basic design principles in the examples, work the practice problems that follow to become familiar with the content and level of difficulty you are likely to encounter on the PE exam.

The bridge structure is designed to carry the following loads and forces; dead load; live load; impact or dynamic effect of the live load; wind loads; and other forces, when they exist, such as longitudinal forces, centrifugal forces, thermal forces, earth pressure, buoyancy, shrinkage stresses, rib shortening, erection stresses, ice and current pressure, and earthquake stresses.

Bridge members are proportioned either with reference to service loads and allowable stresses as provided in Service Load Design (Allowable Stress Design) or, alternatively, with reference to load actors and factored strength as provided in Strength Design (Load Factor Design)

Title of the Book


Bridge Design for the Civil and Structural Professional Engineering Exams

Name of Authors


Rober H. KIM & Jai B. Kim

Contents of the Book



  • Preface 
  • Acknowledgments
  • How to use this Book
  • Nomenclature
  • Bridge Design
  • 1. Loads
  • 2. Combination of Loads
  • 3. Highway Live Loads
  • 4. Impact
  • 5. Application of Live Loads
  • 6. Distribution of Loads
  • 7. Other Loads
  • 8. Load Rating
  • Design Examples
  • Design Example 1: Longitudinal Steel Girder
  • Design Example 2: Reinforced Concrete Slab
  • Design Example 3: Reinforced Concrete Abutment and Footing for Overpass Structure
  • Design Example 4: Interior Prestressed Concrete I-Beam
  • Design Example 5: Load Rating of Floor beam
  • Practice Problems : 
  • Practice Problem1 : Prestressed Concrete Girder
  • Practice Problem 2: Center Pier 
  • Appendices 
  • Appendix A: AASHTO Live Load Tables
  • Appendix B: AASHTO Truck Train Loadings


The Content is for Members Only !!!

This Book is available to download only for our free Members, you can simply click the button below to signup / login for your membership & Download for free.
Download this Book for free

A leading construction company of the region engaged in Mega Projects is seeking dynamic professionals for its
High Rise Buildings
Infrastructure
Projects located in :

  • Lahore
  • Karachi
  • Islamabad



Interested and Eligible Candidates shall forward their Resumes alongwith credential and recent photograph @ [email protected]

1. General Managers
2. Project Managers
3. Construction Managers
4. Site Engineers
5. Planning Engineers
6. Quantity Surveyors
7. QA/QC Engineers

Interested and Eligible Candidates shall forward their Resumes alongwith credential and recent photograph @
[email protected]
This Civil Engineering Jobs is best opportunity for experienced Civil Engineers. All Civil Engineering jobs is collected from different Newspapers on every Sunday and shared for our viewers so that that can apply for the job and get the employment as Civil Engineer. These Jobs are for the Mega Structure & Mega Projects, So you must have experience in Mega Projects including Bridges, Dams, High Rise Buildings. 

We have prepared a group on Facebook where you can get the alerts about Jobs  If you know any job opportunity in Private Sector both permanent Jobs and Jobs on contract basis you can contact us, you can inform us about the job.



If you are a fresh or experienced civil engineer living in Pakistan and seeking Civil Engineering Job in Mega Projects Sector than don’t post or share your CV here as we are not a part of the department and we are just sharing it so that you can get the opportunity to apply for this job.

A progressive Company is looking for the staff for the following Post :-

1. Civil Engineer 



B.Sc. Civil Engineering having min. 10 years experience in industrial civil construction and Maintenance Projects.

They offer handsome attractive salary package and fringe benefits, send C.V. along with recent photographs and acceptable salary.



Apply before 20th July, 2017 to:

[email protected] 

Kindly must mention post applied for an email subject.

This Civil Engineering Jobs is best opportunity for experienced Civil Engineers. All Civil Engineering jobs is collected from different Newspapers on every Sunday and shared for our viewers so that that can apply for the job and get the employment as Civil Engineer. These Jobs are for the Building Sector, So you must have experience in Building Construction including Exterior, Interior, HVAC, Structural Framing, Concrete Works. 

We have prepared a group on Facebook where you can get the alerts about Jobs. If you know any job opportunity in Private Sector both permanent Jobs and Jobs on contract basis you can contact us, you can inform us about the job.



If you are a fresh or experienced civil engineer living in Pakistan and seeking Civil Engineering Job in Building Sector than don’t post or share your CV here as we are not a part of the department and we are just sharing it so that you can get the opportunity to apply for this job.

Civil Engineering Jobs in Services Master (Pvt.)Ltd. A Lahore based company located in New Garden Down requires the services of self-motivated civil engineers in the following disciplines :-


Civil Engineering Jobs in Services Master (Pvt.) Ltd., Lahore, Pakistan
Civil Engineering Jobs in Services Master (Pvt.) Ltd., Lahore, Pakistan


1. Civil Engineer / Town Planner Job


  • B.Sc. Civil Engineering / Town Planning from a recognized university
  • General experience of 4 to 5 years in planning, design,  construction supervision and monitoring of Civil Engineering Projects. 
  • Latest Engineering codes of practice and related softwares. 

2. Sub Engineer Job


  • Diploma in Associate Engineering (3 Years – Civil) 
  • General Experience of 5 to 6 years in relevant post. 
  • Supervision of Buildings, projects and maintenance. 
  • Quantity Surveyor Control & Field Work experienced. 
  • Structural Design of buildings and construction management. 
  • AutoCAD. 

Apply at: [email protected]
Ph: 042-35843079


This Civil Engineering Jobs in Services Master (Pvt) Ltd., Lahore, Pakistan is best opportunity for experienced Civil Engineers. All Civil Engineering jobs in Services Master (Pvt) Ltd., Lahore, Pakistan  is collected from different Newspapers on every Sunday and shared for our viewers so that that can apply for the job and get the employment in Services Master (Pvt) Ltd., Lahore, Pakistan  as Civil Engineer. These Jobs are for the Building Sector, So you must have experience in Building Construction including Exterior, Interior, HVAC, Structural Framing, Concrete Works. 

We have prepared a group on Facebook where you can get the alerts about Jobs in Services Master Private Limited. If you know any job opportunity in Private Sector both permanent Jobs and Jobs on contract basis you can contact us, you can inform us about the job.



If you are a fresh or experienced civil engineer living in Pakistan and seeking Civil Engineering Job in Building Sector than don’t post or share your CV here as we are not a part of the department and we are just sharing it so that you can get the opportunity to apply for this job.

Applying for a Job in Construction and Civil Engineering industry and field is full of challenges and hardships. However, with proper planning you can get your dream job with ease. Today we are going to share you some of the very common and must to know Civil Engineering Interview Questions.

300+ Civil Engineering Interview Questions You must Prepare for



From these interview questions, you will get an idea of the questions interviewer can ask you in civil engineering position interview.

Interview for civil engineers vary based on whether you are applying for a position as a foundation engineer, geotech engineer, structural engineer, construction manager, environmental engineer, hydraulic engineer, irrigation engineer.

These are well organized and well explained civil engineering interview questions for competitive examination and entrance test.

Civil Engineering Interview Questions


1. If I want to lab 16 mm dia. bar with 20 mm dia bar with 40D lap length which dia.should I consider for lapping
2. WHY DID YOU CHOOSE THIS CARRIER?
3. how cubic feet cement,sand,aggregate required for 1 cubic feet ratio=1,1.5,3
4. 1 building project (work in progress) and following are sum detail about his project 1) Using local rebar grade 415 2) Total built up area- 60000 sq.ft 3) Floors to be constructed – 21 storey 4) Estimated requirement of Steel per sq. foot – 7KG/sq.ft 5) Concrete grade – M35 6) Rebars mainly required (sizes)- 16,20,25,32 & (8 mm for stirrups) Wanted to ask u if this person uses 500D…what are the benefits he will be getting? Whether his per Sq. foot consumption can b reduce? If yes den around how much?
5. Totally how many Grades of Concrete are there? and Explain Briefly?
6. What is the maximum cement content allowed in RCC?
7. what is difference between fe 415 and fe 500
8. what is the meaning of M.S.L for civil field? -what is the grade slab and suspension slab?
9. standered size of toilet & bath?also stair-case?
10. what is difference between open and well foundation ?
11. what is the ingrediants of wet mix macadam?construction procedure?
12. why either no or minimum shear reinforcement is provided in case of slabs?
13. how to calculate the lap bar for bor culvert ?
14. Which code describes the tolerances limit for undulation in the roads or pavements ?
15. What are the tests required to check the Quality of steel?
16. why more stirrups are provided near the support? 2.where more stirrups is provided in a column and why? 3.why extra bars are provided at the top of beam? 4.what is the difference between overlap and lap lenght? 5.what is development lenght
17. What is plasticiser and where it will use?
18. how you can say about a slab that it is one way or two way.
19. how can we calculate the cutting length of 10,12,16,20 and so on iron bars for 45 digree and 90 digree bents plz tell me if there is any formula or tabel to find it
20. why reinforcement is not provided at centre for beams r column

21. FOR SAME AMOUNT OF RAINFALL & EQUAL CATCHMENT AREA THEN WHERE RUN OFF WILL BE HIGHEST?
22. What"s the brick size we use in construction?1.190x90x90 2.230x100x75 Which one "s correct?
23. 1) what is the use of pin and plate vibrators during slab casting? 2) how much cement bags are required for 1sqm 4inch brick wall? 3) Is it viable to provide overlap at column , beam & slab junction. if no why? 4) if bar dia is changing in column reinforcement , which dia bars overlap is considered? 5) what is isolated and ecentric footing?
24. As an engineer, what u should do when the construction of a building doesn't meet the required specifications?
25. what is CBR Test
26. Describe the term BILL OF QUANTITY (BOQ)?
27. What is reinforced brick masonary and its advantages and applications, arrangement of steel
28. Is Sugar a retardar or accelator or plasctizer?
29. what is piers?
30. What"s mean by term of BOQ in construction?
31. what is the cover for column,beam & footing?
32. what is the difference between arch dam and gravity dam. Name a gravity dam in India
33. HOW WE WILL CALCULATE QTY. OF CEMENT,SAND & AGGREGATE (10MM&20MM) IN Kg.
34. what is concrete
35. How many materials e.g bricks, cement, sand, stone required to build a house for 100 sqft
36. why loss of strength in concrete in 7 days cube test i am not geting mim 7 days strength that is 67 percent for M-35 and my mix design is perfect there is no doughty,and my results are near to 7days percentage but not 67 percent.
37. what happened if the diameter of capillary tube is double then the capillary rise will be
38. what is a steel formula
39. What should be the 28 days cube strength for M-25 grade concrete?How it is connected with acceptance criteria of fck+3 as per IS 456-2000 and why?
40. for 1cum how much bag of cement is used for M20 grade
41. What is the life of reinforcement?
42. Cement Co-eff. in block 1:6, brick1:4 work?
43. What are the types of test used to determine soil bearing capacity
44. What is meant by Anchorage length? Development Length?
45. WHAT IS THE IMPORTANCE OF FLY ASH BRICK?
46. How many bricks in one cubic meter? Birck size 22.9*11.4*7.6 joint 12mm Give me answer with calculations
47. why canot DBM is continue as surface coarse insted of BC? what is dieefrence between DBM & BC?
48. what is bending moment?
49. what is a pitot tube
50. How we calculate the actual diameter of the TMT Steel
51. How much steel required in 1 square feet slab?
52. What is the diffence between prescribed mix and design mix
53. parts of stair-case?
54. what is 43 & 53 in cement
55. Hi how r u ? hope you are fine there . Please can u tell me tha Design life of Buildings as Per ACI CODE 318-99. It will be a pleasure for me .Thanks in advance
56. WHY THERE IS NO USE OF SEA WATER IN PRODUCING ELECTRICITY
57. why loss of strength in concrete in 7 days cube test i am not geting mim 7 days strength that is 67 percent for M-35 and my mix design is perfect there is no doughty,and my results are near to 7days percentage but not 67 percent.
58. what is meant by geosyntahtic system
59. how will deescribe pile foundation ?
60. how much overlap i must to provide in column 16mm dia bar and if i want to save steel by doing welding then how much over lap must be?
61. WHAT IS MEANT BY 'ZERO VALUE'IN QUANTITY SURVEYING.
62. What is the mixing of D.P.C?
63. What is Pavement & carrage way?
64. what happened if the diameter of capillary tube is double then the capillary rise will be
65. what is the name of software for designing of R.C.C.structures
66. Why I-section is preferred to channel section?
67. what is tensile strength of {6,8,10,12,16,20}mm dia bar? also there were any formula?
68. how is shear resisted in a structure?
69. WHAT IS THE IMPORTANCE OF FLY ASH BRICK?
70. what is the difference between ribbed steel & tor Steel ?
71. how preparing for barbending schedule ? how to preparig for two leged stirrups?
72. what is 43 & 53 in cement
73. what is the maximum percentage of crush sand in mix design.also what is the difference betweeen grite powder & crush sand.
74. what"s the formula for circumference?
75. How we calculate the actual diameter of the TMT Steel
76. Are you having any structural design experience?
77. What is the exact meaning for under & over reinforced beams & when they have to used..
78. in railway engineering, what are the types of guages? what is its size,length & thickness?
79. What is your philosophy / attitude towards work?

80. what"s the different between OPC (ordinary portland cement) and PPC (pozalana portland cement)?
81. what is design life of steel structures??
82. why 1.25 factor is to be multiplied to cylindrical strength of concrete while getting the equvalent cubical strength of concrete?

83. when does sedimentation occur before filteration, along with it, along with chlorination, after chlorination?
84. what do u mean by elongation & flakiness of aggregate?
85. I am constructing a house having 20' X 19' hall. Do I need to go for a concealed beam. any alternative please? Thanks if a design is provided.
86. How do piles bear loads
87. I'm puting roof slab M20 Design Concrete,Twoway slab how many days wait for remooving of shuttering?
88. What is plasticiser and where it will use?
89. What is Suggested type of cement for concreting at water, for mass concreting and where the chaces of gettin attucked by salt?
90. How many types of camber?
91. why we always preffer short column in case of residential building?
92. Is there any advantages between the use of One way slab & two way slab?
93. What shoul be the % of steel for R. C. C. perpose based on volume & area ?
94. why reinforcement is not provided at centre for beams r column
95. What is the quantity of cement, sand, and gravel to be used in M20 grade of concrete for 1000 x 1000 x 1000 mm of sand (for cement please mention in kilos, and for sand and gravel please mention it in CFT)
96. what is the difference between two way slab and flat slab? what is the benifits of flat slab?
97. What is the Content in RCC M 35 Grade e.g water content,sand,metal ,cement etc.
98. what will be the difference in compressive test results for a 150 mm cube, a 150 mm cylinder and a 300 mm cube
99. WHAT IS DUCTILITY?
100. Difference between the setting time and hardenin time of concrete
101. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SINGLE REINFORCEMENT & DOUBLE REINFORCE, PLEASE DESCRIBE WITH NEAT SKETCH.
102. whate the size of bricks are avalable at site
103. How to find quantity of cement mortar? I want to know the req quantity of cement for plastering 300 sft in final coat with 12 mm. Any math involved? Plz help
104. Why did you choose this career?
105. How do you calculate the mix ratio of concrete i.e. what is the cement:sand:agrugate ratio in 20Mpa, 21Mpa, 22Mpa etc...
106. Kindly furnish the relation between 7 days strength & 28 days compressive strength of Cement Concrete cubes. Can you clarify whether the relation gets altered due to WATER- CEMENT ratio?
107. curing duration
108. define prestressing? compare prestressing with post tensioning?
109. the shearing strength of cohesionless soil depends on
110. what is the difference between arch dam and gravity dam. Name a gravity dam in India
111. WHATS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN UNIAXIAL COLUMN & BIAXIAL COLUMN GIVE EXAMPLE?
112. what is the use of pin and plate vibrators during slab casting?
113. how much cement bags are required for 1sqm 4inch brick wall?
114. Is it viable to provide overlap at column , beam & slab junction. if no why?
115. if bar dia is changing in column reinforcement , which dia bars overlap is considered?
116. what is isolated and ecentric footing?
117. what is the significance of bending moment in a structure?
118. cement mortar1:5 12mm thick and one bags cement how much area pleastering please give anwser
119. what is a steel formula

120. how many cement bags rquired for solid block construction for 100 sqft in 1:6 proportion?
121. what is the max spacing of 2 columns upto which there is no need to put beam betwn dem.and how to fix the location of columns and beams in home construction.
122. what is the bar bending schdule
123. how much the volume of one packet cement ?
124. what is the shuttering normal clear cover for footings, walls, beams & columnms
125. What is the diffence between prescribed mix and design mix
126. which things consider when the calculate the area of the flat?

127. mix proportion of M20 AND what are different grades below it
128. what is the ratio of M10,M20,M30,M40,M50,M60 grad conceret
129. WHAT IS THE %WASTAGES OF CEMENT, BRICK,TILES, STEEL,IN 1 M3,10M2,1 TON RESPECTIVELY
130. i have a bar of 20 and 16, lap length is 48*dia of bar, what is the lap length here
131. What is the difference between stress and strength?
132. what is velocity of approach?
133. in how much square meter of slab we are providing a beam it may be oneway or two-way slab.
134. Define the grain size analysis and what is the silt size?
135. What is the optimum mix design for M25 grade of concrete? Is the ratio 1:1.5:3.65 correct?
136. How many times one TMT bars bents & straight upto not broken the bar.
137. DEFINATION OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
138. what is drainage system?
139. If we know the N - Value of soil and required bearing capacity how do we know what diameter and length of pile to be casted? How can we check whether the dia. and lenght of pile we have selected are most economical onse?
140. wat happens to the foundation when only live & dead loads are considered( wind load is excluded) during the design of tall structures. options are: a)only settlement in the internal structure and not external structure b)only settlement in the external structure and not internal structure c)no differential settlement d)none of the above
141. HOW WE CALCULATE OR FIND OUT THE DEGREE OF FREEDOM IN A SIMLY SUPPORTED BEAM? IF THERE IS HINGE THEN HOW? & ALSO IN A PORTAL FRAME? PLEASE GIVE A EXAMPLE FOR EACH QUESTION.
142. What is logic behind the use of Steel bar insted of gold bar?
143. why we use minimum cement as given in IS mix design code
144. how much % of steel use in footing, slab, column

145. how to calculate the steel for rcc slab? plz tell me the formula for calculating the steel?
146. how to convert feet value in meter value?
147. Any body please let me know how to prepare Method Statement for Bored Cast in situ piles.
148. why do we provide haunch for drains and culverts?
149. what"s the abbreviation for P.C.C? what"s the formula to calculate 1m3 P.C.C consumption?
150. what,s the clear cover of beam,slab,column,lintel and foundation?
151. why canot DBM is continue as surface coarse insted of BC? what is dieefrence between DBM & BC?
152. How many layers in 12mm and 18mm plywood?
153. what is SHEAR WALL ? why and where it is provided.
154. why moment is create in fixed beam. And why moment is not create in simply support beam
155. what is anchorage? Why anchoring of reinforcing bars necessary and what are the shapes ?
156. what is the difference between arch dam and gravity dam. Name a gravity dam in India
157. What is softsoil? what kind of foundation?
158. how to estimate the earthwork,earth-filling for an isolated foundation
159. what"s the merits and demerits of hollow blocks comapre than to bricks?
160. plz tell.. how can we find weight(in kg) of 1 cum of m20 mix..? how can we find the ratio of cement sand and agregate on site i.e if we given some amount of m20 mix then hw we find the ratio..?
161. HOW MUCH WASTAGE WE CONSEDERED FOR CEMENT & STEEL

162. Whr is use tierod???what is standard size of it
163. how many cement use for 1cum concrete for 25Grade.

164. What is Well Point System in Dewatering

165. Which word is coolest among the 26 alphabets?
166. What is proportion of M25,M30,M35,M40 IN TH FORM 1,2,3,4?
167. What are the tests required to check the Quality of steel?
168. how to estimate the earthwork,earth-filling for an isolated foundation
169. How do you determine or evaluate success?
170. how to calculate the steel for beams and columns for tender purpose? any formula have?
171. How can we calculate quantity of slab, beam @ column ? Beam should be calculated by deducting slab thickness or slab should be calculate in to in ?
172. How many bricks in one cubic meter? Birck size 22.9*11.4*7.6 joint 12mm Give me answer with calculations
173. tell density of steel , concrete, bricks , sand and aggregates.?
174. what is knife test for wooden doors ?
175. what is the meaning of term abrasion? what is tested in it?
176. why pile foundation is provided in BCS?
177. By total station what activities can be performed and on what principle it works?
178. what is creep?
179. do aerocon blocks give more or less equal strength than that of bricks...?
180. how to calculate amount of materials for concreting and plastering?
181. Cement Co-eff. in block 1:6, brick1:4 work?
182. what is the meaning of M & 20
183. what is a louer? and for which purpose it will be used.
184. WHAT IS MEANT BY STRUCTURAL DESIGN?
185. IN STAAD WHY WE RELEASE MOMENT TO A MEMBER?
186. ON WHAT BASIS PARTIAL FACTOR OF SAFETY ARE DECIDE?FROM THE LOAD COMBINATION?
187. WHY WE PROVIDE EXTRA BAR & DEVELOPEMENT LENGTH AT TOP?
188. FULL FORM OF SPT & SMB?
189. WHAT IS MEANT BY ITP IN A CONSTRUCTION PROJECT?
190. WHAT IS LEAST COUNT OF THEODOLITE SURVEY?
191. WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF FAILURE OF FOUNDATIONS AND REMEDIAL MEASURES?
192. WHAT ARE THE VALUES OF COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH?
193. STEEL CALCULATION FOR FOOTING,BEAM & SLAB?
194. WHAT IS MEANT BY GANTRY GIRDER?
195. IN SITE HOW WE CAN IDENTIFY THE ONE WAY, TWO WAY SLAB?
196. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ANCHORAGE LENGTH & DEVELOPEMENT LENGTH?
197. BEARING CAPACITY OF STEEL SHUTTERING?LOAD CARRYING FOR SHUTTERING?
198. What is the maximum size of aggregate that can be used for M-50 grade concrete ? Code teh authority?
199. how many blocks will come per 1 meeter squear
200. which"s we should use for concrete ppc or opc?
201. whatare the load combinations which are used for the foundation design in a tall structure ( 10 storied building)?
202. how much binding wire is required for one tone steel
203. Which pavement is advisable in India?(Flexible or Rigid)
204. What are the types of Road in India?
205. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN STATICS,DYNAMICS,KINETICS,KINEMATICS

206. how to calculate amount of materials for concreting and plastering?
207. what"s the purpose of damp proof course (DPC)and where it"ll provide?
208. what are the mixing of M10,M15,M20,M25,M30grades?
209. How do you find the weight of rod per metre lenth ?
210. what is velocity of approach?
211. whate the size of bricks are avalable at site
212. What"s mean by water macadam road (WBM)?
213. what are the minimum compressive strength required for the concrete cube for different grades & different days .Please give me an answer.
214. What are the grade of steel used in the concrete design.?
215. how much quantity a carpenter do shuttering per day
216. what is the cover for column,beam & footing?
217. how to calculate bearing capacity of soil
218. what is plate load test??
219. what is singly & doubly rc beam? what is difference between them?

220. For G+4 storied building having 76000 sft per each floor, can you prepare schedule in such a way that structure should be completed with in 41/2 months and finishing be completed with in 51/2 months?
221. how to calculate quantity of steel & concrete in stair case
222. what is porosity??
223. WHICH ONE IS THE ECONOMICAL CONSTRUCTION SOLID BLOCK CONSTRUCTION OR BRICK CONSTRUCTION?
224. Which "s the best wood for commercial purpose?
225. I'm putting roof slab M20 Design concrete
226. Two way slab how many days wait for remooving of shuttering?
227. what is a pitot tube
228. Beam test is carried out for?
229. how to convert feet value in meter value?
230. What do you consider to be your greatest achievement so far and why?

231. can u use instead of water milk for concreting
232. In case of a beam ,main steel is provided along the longer span because, bending moment is directly proportional to length but why in case of one way slab main steel is provided along shorter span while as bending takes place along longer span?comment
233. What are the grade of steel used in the steel design.?
234. If in a structure, e.g, 20mm steel bar is not available and we use 16mm steel bar instead of 20mm bar, how can we calculate the no. of steel bars for 16mm diameter bar?
235. what,s the clear cover of beam,slab,column,lintel and foundation?




236. DEFINATION OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
237. why we always consider Bulkage due to the voids only for the Fine aggregates not for the Coarse aggregates
238. What is meant by End contractions
239. How do piles bear loads
240. How do you derive the quantity of cement & sand in brick work construction in 1Meter cube, using CM 1:6 and bricks of size 19*9*9 cm
241. why more stirrups are provided near the support?
242. where more stirrups is provided in a column and why?
243. why extra bars are provided at the top of beam?
244. what is the difference between overlap and lap lenght?
245. what is development lenght
246. How to calculate 45 degrees bend Steel bar length in Slab Reinforce ment
247. What are the grade of steel used in the concrete design.?
248. what does a civil engineer should know?
249. what are the CAD software versions you have used?
250. what are the mixing of M10,M15,M20,M25,M30grades?
251. What is the compressive strength of concrete
252. What is the tensile strength of steel
253. Why cracks are happening in walls
254. what are the checks to be performed while fixing a door and a window frame..at site??
255. what is the purpose of laying PCC?
256. in construction feild make the column rods are uneven ( e.g 1 column we have 6 nos of bars that 6 nos of bars are varrious level- 1 bar 10';2 bars 9';3 bars 8') what is resion to put different level if difference are required or not?
257. What is the difference between face reinforcement and distribution bar in a concrete structure?
258. How calculate the physical stock of material such as Fine/Coarse aggregate,sand & stone dust laying at site?
259. how many types of foundation
260. WHICH BOOKS ARE AVAILABLE FOR CIVIL MPSC
261. What is the Content in RCC M 35 Grade e.g water content,sand,metal ,cement etc
262. what is the silt(for sand) allowed persentage as per IS CODE B/W: PLASTER: CONCRETE :
263. what is scaffolding and state is purpose
264. How manu days after the casting of a slab another slab can be casted above it? what is the total curing time of a slab if ponding is not done on it?
265. Bitumen grades are 30-40,60-70, 80-100. what is mean by 30- 40
266. curing of concrete why 7day's,14day's 21day's 28days
267. what will be the difference in compressive test results for a 150 mm cube, a 150 mm cylinder and a 300 mm cube
268. How much do you want salary?
269. how do i find the fixed end moments in the fixed beams with the use of general method?
270. How you Confirm the Hard stratum for Driven cat in situ Pile work?
271. convert= kg into brass
272. How much quantity of Cement and Sand required for Cement Sand Ratio of 1:1 and volume of pile is 0.61 m3
273. How do piles bear loads
274. what is meaning of AWS Welding procedure
275. Define slump in terms of slump test
276. pls explain me the design procedure of multistorey building including structural analysis and also with example by considering the effect of wind load and earthquake load ?
277. What is gauge and gage?
278. If at site iam supposed to get M30.But by mistake i got M20 mix. How could I differentiate the mix before placing?
279. What is the concepts of buoyancy & effect of weight distribution on floating bodies?
280. 3,6,13,26,33,66,____
281. What is the compressive strength of concrete
282. What is the tensile strength of steel
283. Why cracks are happening in walls
284. what are the types of dams
285. how to estimate the earthwork,earth-filling for an isolated foundation
286. what are the checks to be performed while fixing a door and a window frame..at site??
287. what is Tsunami. explain it's formation.
288. explain about earth quake zones? Chennai falls under which zone
289. A ground is nonengginered fill 15 years back; how we can find the level of consolidation and bearing capacity
290. what is the FE415 & FE500?WHAT IS ITS STRENGTH?
291. cement consumption per square feet in multi storeyed building
292. what is the stripping time of beam column & slab?
293. What is the difference between first angle projection and third angle projection?
294. how to calculate amount of materials for concreting and plastering?
295. which things consider when the calculate the area of the flat?
296. what is tie-beam?where it used?
297. How foundation is designed, Column design and beam design
298. What is the difference between normal brick & concrete hollow blocks in all aspects?
299. Design life of Buildings as Per ACI CODE 318-99. 
300. what is mean by tie beam?where it is used?
301. how to draw road profile
302. CALCULATE QUANTITY OF RCC COLUMN
303. How many materials e.g bricks, cement, sand, stone required to build a house for 100 sqft
304. what is mean by tie beam?where it is used?
305. What is the difference between first angle projection and third angle projection?
306. WHY SHOULD WE HIREYOU OVER THE OTHERS WAITING TO THE INTERVIEW?
307. What is Lap Length??????
308. which graph is used for getting target strength relationship
309. What is the difference between nominal mix and design mix?
310. What is standard sand? What is coarse & fine sand? What is foundation? What is the seze of hooks in various Reinforced section? What is the formula of providing clear cover? What is the basic diff. between working stress & Limit state design? What is &cbc and fck? what are the primary & secondary test of water purification?
311. HOw to find the depth of foundation?
312. What is design life of a bridge?
313. what"s the purpose of damp proof course (DPC)and where it"ll provide?
314. cavitations is caused by
315. why either no or minimum shear reinforcement is provided in case of slabs?
316. Whr is use tierod???what is standard size of it
317. what are the standard & nominal size of brick
318. how many nos of hacking over concrete surface required for 1 sq m area
319. what u mean by shoring?
320. A floor has to be removed partially with block work tying floors together, can block work continue on floor that has to removed excluding demolishing works tying floor from underside of slab and top of slab demolishing floor upon completion?
321. What is The meaning Of Auto cad And Also Define What Is Drawing According To You
322. What was the reason for you to quit your previous job?
323. Why shoring is employed in building industry?
324. In which code or text book can i get the reinforcement detailing for slabs, beams, columns.
325. actually dia of the bar reduce asper drawing spacing also decrease that time so how to calculate the spacing of with respect to changed bar dia?
326. what is ratio of M40?
327. What are the grade of steel used in the concrete design.?
328. Did you handle any interior designing jobs?
329. among fine,coarse sand which is used for plaster, brickwork and RCC & why?
330. how cubic feet cement,sand,aggregate required for 1 cubic feet ratio=1,1.5,3
331. Cost control in civil construction as well as Quality control
332. What is the difference between stress and strength?
333. can any1 mail me IS CODES and quality check sheet of materials..? its urgent plz
334. What is the difference between face reinforcement and distribution bar in a concrete structure?
335. Totally how many Grades of Concrete are there? and Explain Briefly?

336. What is anchorage? Why anchoring of reinforcing bars necessary and what are the shapes ?
337. Name the standard sand for concrete tests
338. WHAT IS POINT OF CONTRAFLEXURE ?
339. What is difference between nominal mix and design mix?
340. If in a structure, e.g, 20mm steel bar is not available and we use 16mm steel bar instead of 20mm bar, how can we calculate the no. of steel bars for 16mm diameter bar?
341. How to calculated +ve & -ve Bending moment coefficient in water tank design for design of side walls.
342. what is the meaning of sleeves in reinforced concrete????. where its coming??

Whether you are a fresh Civil Engineer or an experienced Civil Engineer these interview questions must help you in all regards. If you have gone through the stage of interview and want to share these questions with other to help, please do comment below.





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