The word “Contract” is derived from the Latin word “Contractum” meaning Drawn down. Contract consist of an agreement between two or more parties under certain terms and conditions whereby one party undertakes to execute works or to supply materials at specified rates and the other party undertakes to make necessary payments for the work completed by the first party.
|Terms Contract Managers must know|
Agreement of contract, in general, includes:
1. Specifications for works.
2. Quality of materials
3. Time of completion.
4. Mode and Frequency of payment.
5. Procedure of payment, etc.
It is the offer or quotation of a certain rate at which a firm is wiling to do work.
It is a signed offer or bid on a prescribed form submitted to the client according to certain rules.
Who fills and submits the tender
Contractor is actually Tenderer or Bidder, whose tender is finally accepted and, after formal procedures, is allowed to work on the project.
2-3% of the quoted price is submitted along with tender in the form of bank draft or postal order. It is called Earnest Money. The purpose is to confirm the seriousness of Tenderes. If a Tenderer wins the tender but refuses to start work, his earnest money is forfeited. Earnest money of unsuccessful tenderes is returned.
Bill of Quantities (BOQ)
The bill of Quantities (BOQ) consists of a schedule of items of work, to be carried out under the contract, with quantities entered against each item, the quantities being taken in accordance with the standard methods of measurement of civil works.