Difference Between Shear Wall and Column

Yesterday on our one social networking platform a student from India asked us a question “What is the difference between a Shear Wall and a Column”. Although the two structures are way too different from one another and one can’t expect to have confusion between these two.  However, we decided…continue reading →


The art of covering the surface of masonry work with a suitable material is called plastering. A fine paste of mortar made by mixing cement with sand or fat lime with sand or surkhi in addition to sufficient quantity of water if called plaster. When cement is used as a binding…continue reading →

What is an Arch Dam? Types, Advantages and Theory

Water retaining and head-works are imperative infrastructures for any country, providing endurance in terms of hydroelectric energy, water for drinking and irrigation purpose. In addition to this they put in a major boost to the aesthetics of that locality. Arch Dams an economical yet complex structureThe long-term survival as well as…continue reading →

What are fender Piles?

The piles used to protect concrete deck or other water front structures from the abrasion or impact that may be caused from the ships or barges (when they are tied up at the desk), are called fender piles. The fender piles are originally made up to timber.Sometimes a man-made marine…continue reading →

What are Culverts? Definition and Types

An opening through an embankment for the conveyance of water by mean of pipe or an enclosed channel is called Culvert. It is a actually a transverse and totally enclosed drain under road, railroad, trail, or similar obstruction.Definition of CulvertCulvert actually is a tunnel like structure constructed under roadways or…continue reading →

What is Bar Bending Schedule?

Bar Bending Schedule or BBS is actually a detailed tabulated worksheet showing the particulars of reinforcing bars as needed in reinforcement drawings of a structure. The phrase “Bar Bending” is so because at the steel yard where different types of reinforcement are cut and bent this table is used as…continue reading →

What are Stresses in Soil, Over burden Pressure, Total Stress, Effective Stress, Pore water Pressure

The Structural loads are supported on soil through foundations. These loads produce stresses and resulting strains or deformations in the soil below the foundation. The deformation in the vertical direction is usually termed as settlement, which occurs due to the vertical stresses.Stresses in a Soil MassThe stresses which produce excessive…continue reading →