What is Waffle Slab?

So I am glad that you have asked me “what a waffle slab system is?” – You have asked this question because waffle slab is not that common throughout the world. Its not like a flat slab which is here and there i.e. everywhere – and 90% chance is that…continue reading →

What is Frost Wall? Purpose & Types

Building houses and structures in extreme climates is always a challenge, the temperature depending characteristics of building materials is the sole reason for such a trial. Concrete pouring in hot expands too much and in cold climate contracts too much thereby producing such internal stresses that if not properly taken…continue reading →

PLASTERING AND ITS TYPES

The art of covering the surface of masonry work with a suitable material is called plastering. A fine paste of mortar made by mixing cement with sand or fat lime with sand or surkhi in addition to sufficient quantity of water if called plaster. When cement is used as a binding material,…continue reading →

Download Estimating in Building Construction PDF Book by Frank R. Dagostino Steven J. Peterson

Building construction estimating is the determination of probable construction costs of any given project. Many items influence and contribute to the cost of a project; each item must be analyzed, quantified, and prices. Because the estimate is prepared before the actual construction, much study and thought must be put into…continue reading →

Types of Building Structures

Construction of buildings can be divided into three main categories:Load bearing constructionComposite constructionFramed constructionBut among the three types, framed construction is widely used for all kinds of constructions.An engineering structure is an assembly of number of elements transferring the loads and providing a form space to serve the desired function.The…continue reading →
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