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Cantilever Footing, Strap Footing - Definition and Design

A strap footing also known as cantilever footing, is a special case of combined foundation in which two separate footings are tied together by a beam called tie beam or strap beam.Mostly in cities, the houses are adjacent to each other due to limited and congested space available i.e. the outer walls are touching each other and having a limited space for an isolated column footing.This restriction…
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Important Points to Remember for Eccentric Footing, Cantilever Footing or Shoe Footing

Some days ago I have posted a Picture of an eccentric isolated foundation and I asked my fans on facebook that whether it is right to place an isolated column foundation like this or not? As a result I have got some very useful and insightful comments of my fans which i though I must share with you on the subject of eccentric footing, cantilever footing or shoe footing. After seeing this picture…
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What is Stepped Foundation

The natural surface of ground is not always level and mostly to such an extent that there may be a considerable slope either across or along or both across and along the site of most buildings. Where the ground floor is to be at or just above ground level at the highest…
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Coduto Conditions for Soil Liquefaction

Liquefaction is a state of water- saturated, mostly cohesion-less soil whose shear strength is reduced to zero due to pore water pressure produced by vibration during an earthquake. The soil starts behaving like a liquid. Please See original Article to know more about…
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What is Foundation, Different Types of Foundations

Foundation substructures are structural members used to support walls and columns to transmit and distribute their loads to the ground. “Footing is the lowest part of the structure that distributes the load on a larger area to avoid any shear or axial failures of the structure” What is foundation? Design Criteria of Foundations  For proper transmission of the load the…
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What is Pile cut-off Level? Pile Foundation

As per the definition, the pile cut off level is the elevation up to which the concrete of the pile head is chipped or cut off while exposing rebar. It is an important design parameter in case of pile foundation that allows the rebar of pile to embed in pile cap and uniformly distribute the load of the pier thereby acting as one monolithic structure. All the piles under the pile cap are chipped or…
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51+ MCQs of Geo-Technical and Foundation Engineering you must know

Foundation and geo-technical engineering is a very interesting and useful field of civil engineering. Like the name of the subject it plays a pivotal role in the success or failure of any structure. The portion upon which the load of building or super-structure rests is called a foundation and the lower part of the foundation is footing. The ultimate destiny of any load in the structure is the…
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Now You can Land Airplanes in the Sea - Kansai International Airport Japan

Japan, the land of rising sun was advancing with technology at a fast rate after World War II, Its economy was on the verge of stabilization. But here the question arises where do you put a plane in a space that run out of space? The Japanese have found its answer you can make the airplane to as well as it flies. In Japan at that time the largest international airport was in Tokyo; the middle of…
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