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Lean Concrete - Base - Mix Design - Strength - Purpose - Uses

Have you ever wondered what lean concrete is and what’s its purpose?   Lean concrete mixes is a concrete mix with low cement content and high percentages of aggregates, it is used in several works such as the blinding concrete under foundations and as leveling course below footings or in mass concrete such as dams.  Lean Concrete – Base – Mix Design – Strength &#8211…
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What is Waffle Slab?

So I am glad that you have asked me “what a waffle slab system is?” – You have asked this question because waffle slab is not that common throughout the world. Its not like a flat slab which is here and there i.e. everywhere – and 90% chance is that the slab…
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What is Polymer Concrete?

If in 2018 you are not familiar with this highly durable and beneficial construction material than you must read each an every word of this article about Polymer Concrete. Because I\’ll be going through all the aspects of Polymer Concrete including its definition, how…
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What is Plum Concrete?

The word plum means large stones which are termed as boulders or coarse aggregates if technically speaking. The plum concrete is actually an economical variation of mass concrete. It is one of the many different types of concrete. The use of plum concrete is preferred if the required thickness of PCC is excessive or large. This is mainly done below the foundations where due to steep slope of the…
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Right of Way - Definition - Width - Roads - Highways

When you’re into dealing with different pieces of land or in highway engineering, you need to figure out what is right of way width for a road or for any civil engineering property.  We drive on highways and use public amenities such as streets and sidewalks frequently…
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What is Frost Wall? Purpose & Types

Building houses and structures in extreme climates is always a challenge, the temperature depending characteristics of building materials is the sole reason for such a trial. Concrete pouring in hot expands too much and in cold climate contracts too much thereby producing…
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What is Efflorescence? Causes, Prevention and Removal Techniques

The brick masonry industry is plagued with a stubborn and persistent confusing delinquent trouble frequently seen as white powdery scum on a lot of buildings. This white powdery substance is termed as efflorescence which is, although, not well understood but still the masonry industry is still able to define it, knows where it comes from and also methods to reduce and prevent this badly-behaved…
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What is a Surge Chamber in a Hydropower Project?

In a hydroelectric plant, the flow of water to a turbine must be decreased rapidly whenever there is a sudden drop in load.  This results in high water-hammer pressures and may need a very strong and hence expensive pipe. Surge chambers are used to handle this situation.
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Special Considerations while aligning Highways on hilly areas

The position or the layout of the center line of the highway on the ground is called the alignment. The horizontal alignment includes the straight path, the horizontal deviations and curves.  Changes in gradient and vertical curves are covered under vertical alignment of roads. Highway Leading through mountains towards National Park Canada A new road should be aligned very carefully as…
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Stilt Floor - Level - Meaning [a COMPLETE GUIDE]

In construction the meaning of stilt floor is a raised floor supported on columns or pillars in a way that all the other sides are kept open for parking area, generator room, or other features.  You have visited or at minimum seen comfy and lavish sort of huts and houses on beaches that are slightly raised above the ground level with the help of slender wooden posts that slightly raised floor is…
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Difference Between Shear Wall and Column

Yesterday on our one social networking platform a student from India asked us a question “What is the difference between a Shear Wall and a Column”. Although the two structures are way too different from one another and one can’t expect to have confusion between these…
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What is an Arch Dam? Types, Advantages and Theory

Water retaining and head-works are imperative infrastructures for any country, providing endurance in terms of hydroelectric energy, water for drinking and irrigation purpose. In addition to this they put in a major boost to the aesthetics of that locality.  Arch…
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Types of Piles Foundation and their Classification

A pile is a long slender foundation member, made either of timber, structural steel or concrete which might be cast-in-situ or driven and acts as a structural member to transfer the load of the structure to a required depth in deep foundations carrying a load which may be vertical or lateral or lateral plus vertical Types of Piles Foundation The piles may be classified as follows…
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