Tunnels and their stability mechanisms

Tunnels and their stability mechanismsIntroductionTunnels can be defined as underground construction for the connection between two destinations to build up an effective means of transportation. Tunnels are made for various purposes such as Railway transportation, for highways, for water supply and for communication cables etc. Tunnel construction has several benefits…continue reading →

Soil Salinity Reasons and Treatment?

If the concentration of harmful salts in the root zone of a plant increases to such an extent that plant growth is effected, this situation is called Salinity.Salinity is the measure of all the salts dissolved in water. Salinity is usually measured in parts per thousand (ppt or % ).…continue reading →

Sand Boils due to Liquefaction

Liquefaction produces so many drastic effects and damages to the structures and foundations build over its effected soil. The buildings and structures whose foundations are on soil affected by liquefaction will experience a sudden loss of support which will result in drastic and irregular settlement of the building causing cracking…continue reading →

Coduto Conditions for Soil Liquefaction

Liquefaction is a state of water- saturated, mostly cohesion-less soil whose shear strength is reduced to zero due to pore water pressure produced by vibration during an earthquake. The soil starts behaving like a liquid.Please See original Article to know more about Soil Liquefaction Donald P. Coduto a Professor of Civil…continue reading →