Uncategorized

Download Raft Foundation Design and Analysis with a practical approach by SC Gupta

Foundation engineering has been practiced as an art, without help of science, since time immemorial up to 1920 when it had  achieved a considerable amount of refinement. It was in the earlier  1920s that a concerted effort was  made to study and understand the physical laws governing the behavior of sub surface materials, i.e..  soil from which foundations derived their  support and on whose…
Read more
Foundation

Pile Cut off Level – Pile Chipping – Reasons & Procedure (WITH PICTURES)

As per the definition, the pile cut off level is the elevation up to which the concrete of the pile head is chipped or cut off while exposing rebar. It is an important design parameter in case of pile foundation that allows the rebar of pile to embed in pile cap and uniformly distribute the load of the pier thereby acting as one monolithic structure.All the piles under the pile cap are chipped…
Read more