Sulphate attack in Concrete, Its Effects, Causes and Prevention

Solution of the sulfates of various bases including sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium react with hydrated cement paste forming gypsum or a compound called ettringite (sulphoaluminate) which leads to the expansion and disruption of the concrete and mortar this process is referred as sulphate attack. Sulphate attack is a chemical break down mechanism where suphate … Read more