Sand replacement test method is used to determine the field density or in-place density of earth embankments, road fills, sub-grade, sub-base or any of compacted material. This method serves as base upon which one can accept the density of a ...

Building and civil engineering is a demanding and exciting process in which the constructions built provide enduring testimonies to the imagination, skill and initiative of all those concerned. The understanding of these process includes a knowledge of what buildings are ...

In soil mechanics the equilibrium and movement of s oil b o dies is studied, where soil is understood to be the weathered natural material in the upper layers (say the upper 20 to 100 m) of the earth’s crust. ...

To study about materials is very essential for civil engineers. Civil Engineers deal with variety of materials like concrete, cement, aggregates, soil, bricks and various others that are used to construct or to support some structural load. The ultimate destination ...

A variety of engineering activities require excavation of rock cuts. In civil engineering, projects include transportation systems such as highways and railways, dams for power production and water supply, and industrial and urban development. In mining, open pits account for ...

As far as definition of soil is concerned soil may be defined in many ways; but in this book soil is defined as ;  ,  soil is defined as the uncemented aggregate of mineral grains and decayed organic matter (solid ...

Civil engineer who specializes in soil analysis (geotechnical investigation), water drainage, and other factors influencing the designs of foundations and the structures built on them is called Soil Engineering.Soil mechanics one of the most important Subject of  Civil Engineering . ...

Foundation and geo-technical engineering is a very interesting and useful field of civil engineering. Like the name of the subject it plays a pivotal role in the success or failure of any structure. The portion upon which the load of ...

Similar to the constant head permeameter, there is one more test called falling head permeameter in which fall of head is related to the permeability of the soil sample, Before going to the detail of what the test is we ...

A pile is a long slender foundation member, made either of timber, structural steel or concrete which might be cast-in-situ or driven and acts as a structural member to transfer the load of the structure to a required depth in ...