In any building the element which is mostly susceptible to the ingress of water is the roof. So what are the roof water proofing methods? Roof slab is exposed to direct climatic variations, extremes of rainfall and structural movements caused ...

In order to know which floor type is better and sustainable you actually need to know the basics and difference between marble and ceramic tile flooring. The pros and cons of marble and ceramic tile flooring is actually dependent on ...

A strap footing also known as cantilever footing, is a special case of combined foundation in which two separate footings are tied together by a beam called tie beam or strap beam. Mostly in cities, the houses are adjacent to ...

Concrete slabs are one of the most common structural elements of modern buildings and infrastructures including residential, commercial plazas, hospitals or buildings having industrial significance. Typically 4 to 20 inches of reinforced concrete mat like element is constructed as roof ...

Fineness of cement is a characteristic property of cement that signifies the particle size of cement and its specific surface area. Greater fineness of cement means the particles are finer and had more surface area. In case of very coarse ...

The word plum means large stones which are termed as boulders or coarse aggregates if technically speaking. The plum concrete is actually an economical variation of mass concrete. The use of plum concrete is preferred if the required thickness of ...

We have already defined the pile foundation, its type and importance in case of low bearing ground conditions. But this post will mainly deal about the procedures and steps that are undertaken for the construction of pile foundation. Pile foundation ...

The Stamped concrete can be defined as a finish that is provided to the concrete in its wet state. Specific designs or patterns are stamped on the concrete in its plastic state as shown in the figure-1 below. Fig.1. Stamped ...

The brick masonry industry is plagued with a stubborn and persistent confusing delinquent trouble frequently seen as white powdery scum on a lot of buildings. This white powdery substance is termed as efflorescence which is, although, not well understood but ...

What would you do if you enter in a building and saw some cracks in a beautiful pattern like that of an ECG of human heart? Obviously you will start running out of that building. But what if the designer ...