The world timber demand is increasing at a rapid rate but the timber supply is depleting. It’s been found through research that bamboo can suitably replace timber and other materials in construction and other works. Industrially treated bamboo has shown ...

Civil Engineer throughout his life has to play with countless materials. This book is an encyclopedia related to those materials. Every material has its own nature, properties and characteristics and you as a civil engineer must be able to figure ...

Highway construction can be characterized by large right-of-way having length of considerable amount. Due to this, Highway materials are needed in large quantum. Depending upon the type of highway pavement, flexible or rigid the highway material required for highway construction ...

A basic function of civil and construction engineering is to provide and maintain the infrastructure needs of society. The infrastructure includes buildings, water treatment and distribution systems, waste water removal and processing, dams, and highway and airport bridges and pavements. ...

“sulphate attack on mortars, unsound materials, frost action, corrosion of iron and steel, crystallization of salts, linear changes resulting from variation in moisture content” While doing brickwork and after the brick is completed there are certain defects which has to ...

Before selecting and designing any type of formwork one must know the requirements of a good formwork or what are the actual characteristics of a good formwork. Concrete being plastic material in fresh state, has to kept within an enclosure ...

Formwork, Shuttering and Scaffolding are the most important construction tools sharing significant amount from project Cost. During construction of reinforced concrete works as well as their maintenance, we need to support the structure as long as it is in its ...

Variety of Construction Materials are being used now a days depending upon the availability and transportation cost, lesser the material available expensive will be the structure and as a result structural engineer might have to think to change the material ...