September 2014
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Bearing Capacity:  
   Maximum intensity of pressure applied to the underneath soil without failure of  the soil due to shear and/or excessive settlement.   
       This Presentation will help you to understand the major difference between General Shear Failure, Local Shear Failure & Punching Shear Failure. 
      The Presentation also includes:
  •           Formulas of FOOTINGS WITH One Way Eccentricity
  •           Formulas of Two way Eccentricities & Inclined Loadings.
  •           Development of Bearing Capacity Theory
  •          Assumptions for Terzaghi's Method, Failure Geometry for Terzaghi's Method.
  •           Groundwater Effects on Bearing Capacity
  •           General Bearing Capacity Equation 
  •         Theories of Meyerhof and Hannas about the Bearing Capacity of Layered Soils
  •         Field methods for measuring Bearing capacity (SPT Test) and corrections for this test are also discussed in detail.

 Some Solved related examples to topic are mentioned which will sure help you to understand the topic.

Link to download the presentation is:

Assistant Engineer at Districts /Tehsil level 
Punjab Saaf Pani Company 
Career Opportunities for a Public Sector Project 
"Assistant Engineer (Civil) Required at Punjab Saaf Paani Company"
Assistant Engineer at Districts /Tehsil level 
Qualifications & Experience 
Bachelors of Engineering (Civil I Elect I Mechanical / Environmental) with 03 years of capital project & contrition supervision experience. 


How to apply?

Application along with one passport size picture, copy of CNIC, CV, copies of educational documents must reach to Head Human Resource PSPC by 10 of October 2014 till 40Opm on the address given below. 
Note: Government employees must apply through proper channel. 

Integrity and Professionalism our Core Values 

HR Department, Punjab Saaf Pani Company 

503, Shaheen Complex, Egerton Road , Lahore Ph: 042-99205316-22 Fax; 042-99205323 Email: [email protected] 

Contact : 042-99205316-22 Fax; 042-99205323 Email: [email protected] 


Sub Engineer(Field Based) 
Punjab Saaf Pani Company 
Career Opportunities for a Public Sector Project 
"Site Engineer required at Punjab Saaf Pani Company"

Details of the Job

Sub Engineer(Field Based) 
Qualifications & Experience 
DAE (Civil / Elect / Mach) with relevant experience of onsite supervision / 
service delivery of water supply system of 05 years in the field. 
Sub-Engineer Required at Punjab Saaf Pani Company

Application along with one passport size picture, copy of CNIC, CV, copies of educational documents must reach to Head Human Resource PSPC by 10 of October 2014 till 40Opm on the address given below. 
Note: Government employees must apply through proper channel. 

Integrity and Professionalism our Core Values 

HR Department, Punjab Saaf Pani Company 

503, Shaheen Complex, Egerton Road , Lahore Ph: 042-99205316-22 Fax; 042-99205323 Email: [email protected] 

Contact : 042-99205316-22 Fax; 042-99205323 Email: [email protected] 

Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC) Head Quarter, Islamabad is going to organize a one day CPD Course on Construction Management: Software Application PRIMAVERA (One CPD Credit Point) on 29th September, 2014 at CASE, Islamabad.

Construction Management Software Application PRIMAVERA

For Registration

Details for Registration and Registration Fee is as under;
Registration Fee (Rs. 2000/- only for Engineers, Rs. 3000/- for Non-Engineers and Rs. 1000/- for full time Engineering Students) in the form of pay Order/Bank Draft/ in favor of “Registrar, PEC, Islamabad” Or online A/C No. 0685583041005497, Muslim Commercial Bank, Corporate Branch Code 1134, Blue Area Islamabad.
"a one day CPD Course on Construction Management: Software Application PRIMAVERA"
For Registration send name(s), qualification, PEC Registration Number (in case of Engineer) address, email and contact details along with Registration fee latest by 26th September, 2014 to Deputy Registrar –CPD, PEC, HQs, Ataturk Avenue (East), Sector G-5/2, Islamabad,
For more details visit PEC website; www.pec.org.pk

Location of the event




trivoo.net

MYSORE : Aakar-2014, a two-day national-level civil engineering technical event, began at NIE Diamond Jubilee Sports Complex on Friday. Speaking at the inaugural function, H J Padmanabha, chief manager (civil works) of HAL, said that civil engineering is a diverse field. "It is coordinated with multi-disciplinary engineering works. Civil engineering students should not think that they have less opportunity in this field," he said, adding: 'civil' engineers must have qualities like 'c'reativity, 'i'ntegrety, 'v'alidation , 'i'ndustrialization besides being 'l'anguor. 
NIE Aakar 2014 Mysore

"'civil' engineers must have qualities like 'c'reativity, 'i'ntegrety, 'v'alidation , 'i'ndustrialization besides being 'l'anguor. "

About Event

Speaking on the occasion, NIE principal G L Shekar said that India is poised for a huge growth. "The central government intends to focus more on infrastructure. Japan has come forward to invest $30 billion in India, while China has offered $20 billion. Such investments indicate opportunity for civil engineering students," he said. 



Around 160 students from 30 colleges are taking part in the event. Technical quiz, treasure hunt, geo-technical event, paper presentation, Auto CAD, 3D modelling, technical debate, and village planning have been lined up as part of competitions.
Source: Times of India

Location of Event

trivoo.net

ETABS features powerful and completely integrated modules for the design of steel and concrete frames, composite beams and concrete shear walls. This manual documents design of concrete shear walls using the 1997 UBC in ETABS. The goal of this manual is to provide you with all of the information required to reproduce the ETABS Shear Wall Design post processor results using hand calculations.

What is Shear Wall?

"wind and seismic loads are the most common loads that shear walls are designed to carry."
Shear wall is a structural system composed of braced panels or shear panels to resist the effects of lateral load acting on a structure, wind and seismic loads are the most common loads that shear walls are designed to carry. Under several building codes, including the international Building Code and uniform building code, all exterior wall lines in wood or steel frame construction must be braced. Depending on the size of the building some interior walls must be braced as well.


A structure of shear walls in the center of a large building – often encasing an elevator shaft or stairwell – form a shear core. 

Title of the Manual

ETABS Shear Wall Design Manual UBC 97

Contents of the Manual

Introduction
Shear Wall Design Process
Design Menu commands for shear wall Design
Interactive Shear wall design and Review
General Design Information
Wall pier Design Sections
Wall Spandrel Design Sections
1997 UBC Shear Wall Design Preferences
1997 UBC Shear Wall Design Overwrites
1997 UBC Design Load Combinations
1997 UBC Wall pier Boundary Elements
1997 UBC Wall Pier Flexural Design
1997 UBC Wall pier Shear Design
1997 UBC Spandrel Flexural Design
1997 UBC Spandrel Shear Design
Overview of Shear Wall Output
Output Data plotted directly on the model
Printed Design input data
Printed Design Output data

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"sulphate attack on mortars, unsound materials, frost action, corrosion of iron and steel, crystallization of salts, linear changes resulting from variation in moisture content"
While doing brickwork and after the brick is completed there are certain defects which has to be faced, these defects they must be avoided and remedial measure must be taken. These defects not only ruins the physical quality and aesthetics of the project but also ruins its structural strength. So to avoid any mishap and loss we must know what are certain defects in brick work and how to avoid them. 

Common defects occurring in Brick work are; sulphate attack on mortars, unsound materials, frost action, corrosion of iron and steel, crystallization of salts, linear changes resulting from variation in moisture content. 


Sulphate attack on mortars

Sulphate attack leads to expansion of mortar, thereby causing cracking of brickwork, spalling of brick edges, deterioration of mortar, wide horizontal and vertical cracks in the plaster and falling of the plastered surface. 

The cause of this attack is the chemical action between the sulphate salts in bricks and constituents of Portland cement. 
Sulphate Attack on Bricks
This action is rapid in the presence of water and hence wherever moisture penetrates, excessive dampness occurs. This type of defect may be prevented by preventing moisture penetration. It will avoid the defect to a large extent. Bricks of low sulphate content and the sulphate resisting cement should be used. 

Unsound Materials

Unsound materials cause the formation of small pits at the mortar joints. General expansion and cracking of brick work is visible. Unsoundness in lime is caused by the presence of un-slaked particles of lime. Similarly un-slaked lime particles may be present in the bricks also. 
Unsound Material

Frost action

Defects due to frost action would cause cracking in brickwork. Prevention of water accumulation would prevent this defect.

Corrosion of Metals

Brickwork may get opened or cracked or stained due to corrosion of metals lying adjacent to it. Unprotected iron and steel are liable to get corroded when acted upon by moisture and they increase in bulk, thereby causing cracks in masonry. 
Corrosion of Bricks due to Metals
Protecting the metal surface with cement mortar up to a layer of 1 to 2 cm thick is essential to prevent corrosion.  Partially embedded steel or iron members should be surrounded with bituminous compound for portions not embedded in mortar. 
Metal Corrosion 

Crystallization of Salt and Efflorescence 

This is a prominent defect in brick masonry. In moist climate, in damp places, like basements or under leaky gutter, masonry often gets disfigured by the formation of a white deposit called efflorescence. Deposit originates from the mortar and frequently spreads over a part or entire face of the wall. 
Efflorescence 
Absorbed water dissolves the salts of sodium, potassium and evaporating, forms a crystalline deposit on the surface. In addition to unsightly appearance, the crystallization of salts in the pores of the bricks or mortar may cause disruptive expansion resulting in disintegration due to cracking. 
To avoid Efflorescence do not use porous bricks in contact with limestone. Protect brickwork against contamination of salt-bearing materials during building operations. Bricks should be thoroughly soaked during construction. Correct design of DPC should be used. 

Shrinkage Effects

Brick work may crack due to the shrinkage movements arising from changes in moisture content. This defect is more common with concrete and lime mortars. 
Shrinkage Effects
Good quality bricks should be used in dry condition. All of work should be protected from rain. 

As we all know fluid includes gases and liquids, things which are compressible and sometimes non-compressible and doesn't have a shape as a bulk but might have fixed volume in case of liquids. Mechanics is a branch of physics that deals with state of rest or motion of something or somebody   under the influence of an external force. 

Definition of Fluid Mechanics 

"“Fluid Mechanics with Engineering Applications by Finnemore and Franzini” is used as a textbook"
Thus we can define fluid mechanics as the science of liquids and gases. 
Fluid mechanics involves many of the same principles of solid statics and dynamics, but fluids is a more complex subject because solids involve the study of forces on discrete bodies, while in fluid bodies flow together. 
Fluid Mechanics with Engineering Mechanics by E. John Finnemore and Joseph B. Franzini

Applications of Fluid Mehanics

Fluid mechanics has huge number of applications in our everyday life, some of them includes, designing of water supply system, dam spillway designs, shock absorbers and brakes in vehicles, design of ships and submarines, design of aircrafts and rocks, design of windmills and turbines, design of bearings etc. 

Solution Manual to Fluid Mechanics by Franzini and Finnemore

In almost whole of the world, “Fluid Mechanics with Engineering Applications by Finnemore and Franzini” is used as a textbook, the book is written in very simple English with practical applications along with thousands of practical field oriented numerical to test the knowledge and judgment of the fluid engineer. 

In this post I am going to share with you the Solution Manual of Fluid Mechanics with Engineering Application 10th Edition by Finnemore and Franzini. It starts from all of the simple problems and reach out to the difficult ones as well. In each of the start of the chapter you get the whole idea and division of the problems which are difficult ones and which are easy ones thus for your time saving you can reach out the level you think you are in. 

Title of the Book

Fluid Mechanics 
With Engineering Applications

Edition of the Book

10Th Edition

Authors

E. John Finnemore
Joseph B. Franzini

Contents of the Book

1 Properties of Fluids
2 Fluid Statics
3 Basics of Fluid Flow
4 Energy Considerations in Steady Flow
5 Momentum and Forces in Fluid Flow
6 Similtude and Dimensional Analysis
7 Steady Incompressible Flow in Pressure Conduits
8 Forces on Immersed bodies
9 Steady Flow in Open Channels
10 Fluid Measurements
11 Unsteady Flow Problems
12 Steady flow of compressible fluids
13 Ideal Flow Mathematics 
14 Hydraulic Machinery Pumps
15 Hydraulic Machinery – Turbines


Preview of the Book

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You might have travelled above 1000 feet in aero-plane but you must not have travelled at that much height with a Railcar, But Indian engineers are ready to lift such a bulky weighty weighing car of iron to a height 35 meters more than that of Eiffel Tower.
"The Project worth more than 90 million is being handled by the Railway Corporation. It includes more than 25 thousands tones of steel."

Background of the Project

Currently Guizhou Province of China is enjoying the world’s tallest railway bridge which stands over Beipanjiang River but despondently this record is about to break in 2016 as its height of 275 meters is by no means near to 359 meters which is the expected height of arch-shaped steel railway bridge.
Steel cranes in Operation (AFP Photo/Prakash Singh)

The northern areas of Jammu and Kashmir State hosts spectacular mountainous region and at such a height the railcar can’t cross the Chenab River, but thanks to Civil Engineering of newest era that gave the principles to rule the world.
Excavator being Operated (AFP Photo/Prakash Singh)


According to a local News agency this bridge is expected to be ready by December 2016. The steel structure has obviously a poor vibrating dampness  characteristics, for this reason safety and precautions have been made to avoid any devastating earthquake and wind speeds.

Project currently in development stages


The Project worth more than 90 million is being handled by the Railway Corporation. It includes more than 25 thousands tones of steel. Due to the difficult typography of the area few of the tones has to be transported by Helicopters.

Project Purpose

The Project named as Chenab Bridge spanning Chenab River between Bakki and Kauri, in Reasi Distric of Jammu and Kashmir. Due to questions on its safety and stability the project had been stopped in 2008 after which it is restarted in 2010 due to assurance and deep model study of the project.
Huge cranes (AFP Photo/Prakash Singh)
This highest railway bridge in World would make you scarier than riding the roller coaster that will bring everything eaten. :D
So just wait and see

Video of the Project

Here is a AFP Official Video of the World's Tallest Railway Bridge

The definitions in the book have been compiled to be of use to those working in a wide range of professions related to civil engineering and trades involving architecture, engineering, surveying building, heavy construction, forestry, surface and open-pit mining, and public works. 
"Download The Wiley Dictionary of Civil Engineering and Construction"

Title of the Book

The Wiley Dictionary of Civil Engineering and Construction
the Wiley Dictionary of Civil Engineering and Construction

Author

L.F. Webster

About the book

Also included are many terms applicable to the tools and equipment employed in those specialties.
The Civil Engineering definitions and descriptions have been kept purposely brief in the expectation that this book will be used as a source of first reference, rather than as a definitive text.
Dictionary in any field of engineering is an essential book to have with oneself. This book of 600+ Pages is a well known book from mid 90s that serves the purpose and is regarded as reference for any term. 
Most of the terms we define here in iamcivilengineer.com related to civil engineering has been defined by this book. Countless words of full explanation will satisfy the appetite of your knowledge and thirst or quest for education. 

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This Book is available to download only for our Bronze, Silver & Gold Level Members, you can simply click the button below to signup / login for your membership & Download.

Disclaimer:

The Book name and its title and all the things in it are the trademark of respective owner/author, we here on iamcivilengineer doesn’t host the book neither uploaded it we are just sharing here the links to download; and are just for sharing it for student and education purpose; if you have any problem about this link or book you can contact us via contact us page or email at [email protected]

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The Book "Civil Engineering Formulas" by "Tyler G. Hicks" is a heaven for civil engineers practicing their work in the field, The book is a comprehensive easy to use tool containing hundreds of formulas used on almost every situation. Civil Engineering like all other engineering disciplines contains formulas that has to be memorized or that has to be used by engineers to find solution of a particular problem. These formulas are not easy to memorize as some of them contains number of variables. In such a situation Civil Engineering Formulas  is a very handy tool for you which not only shows the formula but also gives background and also shows how to use that formula. 
"Download Civil Engineering Formulas by Tyler G. Hicks"
The formulas presented in this book are intended for use by civil engineers in every aspect of their professional work—design, evaluation, construction, repair, etc.
Cover for Civil Engineering Formulas by Tyler G. Hicks, P.E

How to Use Civil Engineering Formulas?

 To find a suitable formula for the situation you face, start by consulting the index. Every effort has been made to present a comprehensive listing of all formulas in the book. Once you find the formula you seek, read any accompanying text giving back-ground information about the formula. Then when you understand the formula and its applications, insert the numerical values for the variables in the formula. Solve the formula and use the results for the task at hand. 

Where a formula may come from a regulatory code, or where a code exists for the particular work being done, be certain to check the latest edition of the applicable code to see that the given formula agrees with the code formula. 

If it does not agree, be certain to use the latest code formula available. Remember, as a design engineer you are responsible for the structures you plan, design, and build. Using the latest edition of any governing code is the only sensible way to produce a safe and dependable design that you will be proud to be associated with. Further, you will sleep more peacefully!  

Title of the Book

Civil Engineering Formulas

Author

Tyler G. Hicks, P.E.

Contents of the Book


Chapter 1: Conversion factors for civil engineering practice
Chapter 2: Beam Formulas
Chapter 3: Column Formulas
Chapter 4: Piles and Piling Formulas
Chapter 5: Concrete Formulas
Chapter 6: Timber engineering Formulas
Chapter 7: Surveying Formulas
Chapter 8: Soil and Earthwork Formulas
Chapter 9: Building and Structural Formulas 
Chapter 10: Bridge and Suspension-cable formulas
Chapter 11: Highway and Road formulas
Chapter 12: Hydraulics and waterworks formulas
Chapter 13: Stormwater, sewage, Sanitary Wastewater, and Environmental Protection

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The limit of water absorption by coarse aggregates is determined so as to calculate the appropriate amount of water to be added to the concrete mix, thus modifying the water cement ratio. A bone dry aggregate would necessitate, while for wet aggregate water contents should be reduced.
"Determine the water absorption by coarse aggregate "

Designation of Experiment

BS-812, Part 2: 1975

Apparatus

Balance, Oven, Dry and Soft absorbent cloth, shallow Trays
Determine the Water absorption of coarse aggregate

Materials Required

Sample of watered aggregates and water.

Procedure

Take a sample of coarse aggregates, wash to remove finer particles and dust and then immerse in water for 24+1/2 hours.
After this period, aggregate are taken out and dried with a dry absorbent cloth.
Weigh the aggregates and let this weight be A.
Place the aggregate in the oven at a temperature 100-110 for 24+1/2 Hours.
Remove the sample of aggregates from oven and cool in air, weight them and let this weight be B.

Observations and Calculations

Percentage water absorption =( (A-B)/B ) x 100
Wehere
A = Mass of saturated surface dry sample
B = Mass of Oven dried sample
A = 2225 gms
B = 2170 gms
Percentage Water Absorption = (55/2225) x 100 =2.47 %
Result
Percentage water absorption of coarse aggregate of given sample is 2.472 %.

A variety of engineering activities require excavation of rock cuts. In civil engineering, projects include transportation systems such as highways and railways, dams for power production and water supply, and industrial and urban development. In mining, open pits account for the major portion of the world’s mineral production. 
The dimensions of open pits range from areas of a few hectares and depths of less than 100 m, for some high grade mineral deposits and quarries in urban areas, to areas of hundreds of hectares and depths as great as 800 m, for low grade ore deposits. The overall slope angles for these pits range from near vertical for shallow pits in good quality rock to flatter than 30◦ for those in very poor quality rock.  
"Download Rock Slope Engineering & Civil and Mining by Duncan C Wyllie & Christopher W Mah"

Title of the Book

Rock Slope Engineering
Civil and Mining

Edition of the Book

4th Edition
Download Rock Slope Engineering & Civil and Mining by Duncan C Wyllie & Christopher W Mah

Authors 

Duncan C Wyllie
& Christopher W Mah

Contents of the Book

1. Principles of Rock Slope Design
2. Structural Geology and Data Interpretation
3. Site Investigation and Geological data collection
4. Rock Strength Properties and their measurement
5. Ground Water
6. Plane Failure
7. Wedge Failure
8. Circular Failure
9. Toppling Failure
10. Numerical Analysis
11. Blasting
12. Stabilizing of Rock Slopes
13. Movement Monitoring
14. Civil Engineering Applications
15. Mining Applications
16. Appendix 1,2,3,4

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Civil Engineering is regarded as mother of all engineering disciplines, not just because it gives birth to other engineering disciplines but also because it explains and allows utilizing the principles of other disciplines of engineering. 

Know more about What civil engineering is, what civil engineers do here
"Civil Engineering is more of a practical education rather than theoretical formulas "
The term civil engineering was devised decades ago when there were only two types of engineering military engineering and civil engineering, that is also one reason why it is called mother of all engineering disciplines. 
Civil Engineering Subjects Tag Cloud

Anyhow civil engineering is a proficient, trained and professional engineering regulation in which civil engineers who might be a graduate, postgraduate or doctorate in Civil Engineering is involved in designing, maintaining, executing and constructing civil works including naturally and manually or physically built environment including roads, bridges, canals, dams, building and structures. 

Civil Engineering is being studied throughout the world in various native languages to satisfy the global demand as well as the native demand. It is being studied after 12 years of education sometimes as 3 years or sometimes 4 years of compete graduation degree and few also move to post-graduation and doctorate level as well. 

In most of the countries the civil engineering subjects and curriculum is being developed by a competent authority of professors and professional civil engineers. 

The curriculum includes some of the credit hours that are specified for social science as well as linguistics together with some specified practical lab work to introduce and equip the young minds with know-how of the fieldwork because the civil engineering is actually more of the practical work with some desk work included as well planning and scheduling the field work. 

As far some of the subjects of Civil Engineering is concerned here are some of the subjects along with details and reference books;

Engineering Mechanics

Engineering mechanics is regarded as base for all engineering involving forces and equilibrium along with the relationship between them in physical processes. Mechanics is studied in two branches in civil engineering as kinetics and kinematics. The idea behind teaching this subject to students is to allow them to develop some basic principles that are being used in some advance structural analysis. 
Here are some of the books recommended: Hibbler, R.C. Engineering Mechanics, Prentice Hall. (Latest Edition). F.L. Singer, Engineering Mechanics, 4th Edition Harper and Row Publisher.

Computer Programming

Importance of computing in every advance engineering disciplines is by no means ignorable, thus in civil engineering curriculum it is being involved. Some of the course contents include introduction to personal computer setup, programming language and some lab work. 
Books recommended are; Gottfried, B.S. Programming with Structured Basics (Schaum Series), McGraw Hill.  Deitel & Deitel, T.R. Nieto, Visual C++ 6. Steven Holzner, Black Book Of C++. 

English Language Skills

In most of the non-English countries including Pakistan, Bangladesh, Indian, and few others which ensures the language of teaching as English has introduced this course in civil engineering so that it let them easily settle in any of the foreign construction or civil engineering firm. 
Course contents are reading skills, types and parts of speech, use of articles, report writing, sentence creation, paragraph writing. 
Shafi, S, Mansoor, S and Irfan, H, 1994. Skill Worker: Student Activity Book: B A English for paper B, 1st ed. Caravan Book House Lahore, Pakistan

Applied Calculus / Math-1

To learn fundamentals of mathematics, calculus and analytical geometry. Some of the various contents include; Complex Number, Functions, Differentiation, Partial differentiation, Integral Calculus, Integration Applications, Analytical Solid Geometry.
Books recommended are Schaum’s Series, Calculus, Schum’s Series (Latest Edition), Antom, H. Calculus and Analytical Geometry, Johney Wiley and Sons.

Engineering Surveying

The objective of this subject includes, enabling skills to use modern survey instruments. 
The course contents include, Introduction to land surveying, definitions of basic surveying terms, branches and their application, Techniques, Modern methods in surveying, leveling and contouring, surveying Drafting and computations and field work. 
Books recommended are; Wolf P.R. & Ghilani C. D. Elementary Surveying – An introduction to Geomatics, 11th Edition, Prentice Hall, USA, 2004. Kvanagh, B. Surveying Principles and Application, Prentice Hall (Latest Edition)

Engineering Surveying

The purpose of studying this subject is to develop a solid base for application of geology to engineering problems. Some of the course contents include; introduction to geology, importance of geology for civil engineering projects, Rocks, formation and classification, weathering and erosion, discontinuity classification, Description of rock masses as thickly bedded or thinly bedded, Role of geology in selection of sites for dams, reservoirs, tunnels, ports/harbors and other civil engineering structures. 
Some of the recommended books include; Blyth, F.G.H. Geology for Engineering, English Language Book Society (ELBS) Edward Arnold Ltd. 

Engineering DRAWING

The objective of studying engineering drawing includes enabling students to learn basics of engineering drawing, enhancing skills to prepare and understand drawings. 
Course content includes introduction to the subject and drawing equipment, lettering and dimensioning, graphic symbols, free hand sketches and isometric views. Method of sections including assembly sections, introduction to machine drawing. Architectural Drawing, Preparation of plan, elevation and sections for simple buildings. 
Books recommendedare Parkinson, A.C. A first year Engineering Drawing English Language Book Society. Boughton, B. Reinforced Concrete Details’ Manual (Reference Book) Jensen C.H and Mason F.H.S “drafting Fundamentals” Mc Graw Hill.

Civil Engineering MATERIALS and CONSTRUCTION

The objective of this subject is to let the students get familiar with characteristics of construction materials used in civil engineering. To familiarize students about different construction methodologies to be adopted in carrying out a construction Project. To Develop ability of students to carry out the construction projects according to the specification/drawing. 
Some of the recommended books are; Huntington, W.C. Building Construction, John Wiley & Sons. Mitchell. Elementary building Construction, B.T. Batsford Ltd. 

Strength of Materials

The basic idea being studying this subject is to enable students to learn basics of material strength and to enhance skills of utilizing material of appropriate strength for civil engineering application.
Course contents include simple stress and strain, stresses in beams, Columns and struts, circular shafts, springs, strain energy.
Some of the recommended books are Pytel, A. & F.L Singer, Strength of Materials, Harper & Row Publishers, New York. Hibbler R.C. Strength of Materials. 

Fluid Mechanics

The objective behind studying this subject is ; enable students to learn basics of fluid mechanics for civil engineering applications. Course contents include; introduction to fluids, units and dimensions, fluid statics, forces on immersed bodies, fluid kinematics, steady and unsteady flow, Hydrodynamics, flow measurement, steady flow through pipes, uniform flow in open channels. 
Some recommended books are. 
Daugherty, R.L., J.B Franzini and Fenimore, Fluid mechanics with Engineering Applications, McGraw Hil New York.

Quantity Surveying and ESTIMATION

This subject is also studied under title, drawing estimation and construction. The purpose behind studying this subject is to enhance the ability of students to learn the various principles of computation. To enhance skill of students in preparing details estimates and bill of quantities for various civil engineering projects. To familiarize students with tender and contract documents. 
Some of the recommended books includes S.Dutta, Estimating and Costing in civil engineering. D.D. Kohli Estimating, Costing and Accounts.  Keith Collier, Fundamentals of Construction, Estimating and Cost accounting. 

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

This subject is also studied as Theory of Structures (TOS) in two parts one part per semester. The purpose behind this subject is to enable students to learn basics of analysis of determinate structures. To enhance skills of analyzing structures for environmental engineering application. 
Some of the course contents includes introduction to structural analysis, analysis of determinate beams, analysis of pinned joined structures, analysis of statically determinate rigid joined plane frames, moving loads, three hinged arches, cabals and suspension bridges.  Rotation and Deflect. 
Some of the books recommended are; H.H West, fundamentals of structural analysis John Willey – New York. 
R.C. Hibbler, Structrual Analysis, John Wiley and Sons inc. 

Soil Mechanics

The purpose behind studying the subject is to apply laws of mechanics to soils so that the engineer can design and construct safe structures on or with soil. Some of the contents include introduction, index properties of soil, soil classification, Geotechnical investigation, permeability and seepage, stress distribution in soils, Shear strength. 
Books recommended includes; Braja M. Das, Principles of Geotechnical Engineeirng, Thomson- Engineering. Donald P.Coduto Geotechncal Engineering (Principles and Practices).

PLAIN and REINFORCED Concrete

This subject is also studied by the name “Properties of Concrete” and then “Reinforced Concrete”
The contents includes, constituent materials and peoperties, basic principles of reinforced concrete, Working stress method of analysis, ultimate strength method, shear in beams, bond, anchorage and development length, columns and footings. 
Hassoun, M.N. Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures, PWS Engineering. Arthur H Nilson, David Darwing, Charles W. Dolan, Arthur Nilson, Charles Dolan, Design of Concrete Structures. 

Environmental Engineering

This subject is included so as to learn principles of environmental engineering and inculcate abilities for design and implementation of water supply schemes. 
Course content includes; introduction to environmental engineering, water pollution, Water demand and supply, water quality, Water sampling and Testing, Water treatment, Miscellaneous Water Treatment techniques, Water distribution, introduction to noise and air pollution,
Books recommended includes, Mackenzie L. Davis, David A. Cornwell, introduction to environmental engineering. 

Transportation Engineering and Management

The purpose is to provide background knowledge of transportation engineering with detailed and thorough understanding of framework of various transportation systems. 
Course content includes, introduction to transportation systems, railway engineering, airport engineering, coastal engineering
Books recommended are . Jason C., Yui Transportation engineering introduction to planning, Design and Operations, Elsevier

Hydrology and Water Management

The purpose of the subject is to enable students to learn broad areas of hydrological engineering and principles of water management particularly in irrigated agriculture. 
Course contents includes, introduction, meteorology, Precipitation, Evaporation and Transpiration, Stream flow, Runoff, Hydrographs, Steam Flow Routing, Groundwater, Water Management. 
Books includes, Warren Viessman, Jr. And Gary L. Lewis, Introduction to Hydrology, R.K. Linsely, Max A. Kholer, and Joseph L. Paulhus, Hydrology for Engineerings, Water Resource Engineering by David, A. Chin, John Wiley & sons

Construction Management

The purpose of studying construction management is to develop ability of students in planning and management techniques for various project. To provide basic concepts of economic analysis of different subjects. 
The course content includes, introduction, project planning, scheduling and controlling by deterministic models and probabilistic models, Fundamentals of Engineering Economics, 
Books recommended includes Martin Rogers, Engineering Project Appraisal, Blackwell Science, Blank, L.T & Anthony J. Tarquin Engineering Economics, McGraw Hill Book Co. 


Some other electives includes, hydraulic engineering, steel structures, irrigation engineering and drainage engineering, foundation engineering, design of structures, computer applications in civil engineering etc. 


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