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As far as definition of soil is concerned soil may be defined in many ways; but in this book soil is defined as ;
 ,  soil is defined as the uncemented aggregate of mineral grains and decayed organic matter (solid particles) with liquid and gas in the empty spaces between the solid particles
Soil is used as a construction material in various civil engineering projects, and it supports structural foundation as well. Thus civil engineers must study the properties of soil, its origin, grain size distribution, ability to drain water, compressibility, shear strength and load bearing capacity or bearing capacity. 

Soil Mechanics of geotechnical engineering can be defined as ;
Branch of science that deals with the study of the physical properties of soil and the behavior of soil masses subjected to various types of forces.
Soils engineering is the application of the principles of soil mechanics to practical problems. Geotechnical engineering is
 the sub-discipline of civil engineering that involves natural materials found close to the surface of the earth. It includes the application of the principles of soil mechanics and rock mechanics to the design of foundations, retaining structures, and earth structures.

  Title of the Book

Principles of Geotechnical Engineering


5th Edition


Braja M. Das
California State University, Sacramento


To download Free Principles of Geo-technical Engineering by Braja M. Das 5th Edition Click the following button;


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The Civil PE Sample Examination Provides the opportunity to practice taking an eight-hour test similar in content and format to the Principles and Practice of Engineering (PE) examination in civil engineering. The Civil PE examination is an eight hour exam divided into a morning session and an afternoon session. The Morning session is known as the “breadth” exam, and the afternoon session is known as the “depth” exam. This book contains a sample breadth module and five sample depth modules one for each sub discipline the NCEES tests.

In the four-hour morning session, the examinee is asked to solve 40 problems from five major civil engineering sub-disciplines: Environmental (20%) geotechnical (20%) structural (20%) transporation (20%) and Water resources (20%) . Morning session problems are general in nature and wide-ranging in scope.

The four-hour afternoon session allows the examinee to select a depth exam module from one of the five sub disciplines (environmental, geotechnical, structural, transportation, and water resources). Each depth module is made up of 40 problems. Afternoon session problems require more specialized knowledge than those in the morning session.

All problems, from both the morning and afternoon sessions, are multiple choice. They include a problem statement with all required defining information, followed by four logical choices. Only one of the four options is correct. The problems are completely independent of each other, so an incorrect choice on one problem will not carry over to subsequent problems.
This book is written in the multiple-choice exam format instituted by the NCEES. It covers all the same topic areas that appear on the exam, as provided by NCEES.


Michael R. Lindeburg, PE


Water Resources


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The Book name and its title and all the things in it are the trademark of respective owner/author, we here on iamcivilengineer doesn’t host the book neither uploaded it we are just sharing here the links to download; and are just for sharing it for student and education purpose; if you have any problem about this link or book you can contact us via contact us page or email at [email protected]

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Project Based employment Opportunity for Professionals contract for two (02) Years
Irrigation Department an equal opportuinity organization, invites applications form sutable candidates domiciled in Punjab for Project Management Office (PMO) for Punjab Barrages, Rehablitation & Modernization Projects for the following posts on prescribed forms which can be obtained from PMC during office hours or can be downloaded from www.pmo-pb.gop.pk:

Design Engineer
Jobs for Irrigation Engineerings

 (1 post) (Age 30-40 Years) Pay Rs. 56,106/-
Qualification: B.Sc at least 2nd division in Civil Engineering from a HEC recognized University
Preferably more than 5 years of experience of designing, planning, construction supervision of civil engineering projects.
Should have experience of construction supervision of mega projects
Should be computer literate having experience of computer aided design, estimation, autocad etc.

Quality Assurance / Quality Control Engineer

 (1 post) (Age 30-40 Years) Pay Rs. 56,106 /-
Qualification: B.Sc at least 2nd division in Civil Engineering from a HEC recognized University
Preferably more than 5 years of experience of supervision of civil engineering projects.
Should have experience of construction supervision of mega projects
Should have experience of quality assurance of construction materials
Should have knowledge of latest Engineering codes of practice.
Should be computer literate having experience of computing techniques.

Date of Advertisement:


Last date to apply


How to Apply

visit the website

Nature of Job

full time, contract based (02 years)

Keywords for irrigation job:

irrigation engineering jobs, civil engineering jobs, civil engineer irrigation jobs, design engineer job, fresh civil engineer jobs, PMO jobs, Punjab Management Office jobs, Punjab Irrigation Department Jobs, Quality Control Engineer required, civil engineer required

The purpose of this source book is to provide the user with an all-inclusive overview of the general pattern of civil engineering as it is practiced by private consulting firms
Download Civil Engineer's Illustrated SourceBook


By; Robert O. Parmley, P.E.


Civil Engineering Illustrated Source Book


Any engineer entering the profession, seeking a career in the area of private practice, should be mentored by a well-seasoned professional. But, in today’s world of specialists, there are fewer general practioners in civil engineering who are well versed in the full aspect of consulting engineering.  When you do find one, that individual most often is too busy to devote much time to training entry-level personnel. Therefore, the novice engineer is at a basic disadvantage. Being well trained and educated is not sufficient to pursue a career in consulting engineering. One must also have adequate, practical experience. The licensing laws of each state, territory and province have experience requirements mandated before issuing a P.E. (Professional Engineer) registration. However, these requirements are broad based. This source book is not intended to supplant any licensing requirement, but rather designed to augment this segment of the engineer’s training.

Table of Contents










Section 8 BUILDINGS 8-1


Section 10 FIRE PROTECTION 10-1



Section 13 DAMS & RESERVOIRS 13-1


Section 15 BRIDGES 15-1

Section 16 AIRPORTS 16-1





Section 21 STANDARD DETAILS 21-1

Section 22 SPECIFICATIONS 22-1







Section 27 SHOP DRAWINGS 27-1

Section 28 SAFETY 28-1

Section 29 INSPECTION & TESTING 29-1


Section 31 CLOSE-OUT 31-1



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Download Civil Engineering Books, Download Civil Engineering Source book, Download Project Management Books, Download Contracts and Bidding books, Civil Engineering Illustrated


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Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIAS) offer a short course on Tunnels Concept, Design and Construction on 25-26 August 2014, PIAS, Islamabad, Pakistan. The details of this course is as under.
The Course focuses on planning, design and construction of tunnels, sharing the knowledge and experience of experts from Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC).
Tunnel Construction Civil Engineering

Prospective Participants:

  • Professionals as well as people from academia in different firms / organizations / Institutes involved in this field.
  • Students of Civil, Mechanical and Mining Engineering can also attend.


Lectures, discussions and case studies.


PIEAS, Nilore, Islamabad

Resource Person: 

Mr. Riaz Ahmad, Member CAC, PAEC

Phone Number:

 (+92) 300 8509658


PKR 10,000/- for Professionals and PKR 5,000/- for Students

Deadline for Registration: 

09th August 2014.
Application form can be downloaded from www.pieas.edu.pk

Project Title

Analysis of Different Hydraulic Parameters on the Structural Design of Dharma Nullah Bridge Taxila

Project Abstract.

The purpose of this project is to thoroughly study the various parameters affecting the hydraulic design of a bridge and studied various methods for the calculation of discharge for Hydraulic design of Bridge. The structural design of the bridge was carried out on well-known software named as CSI Bridge. This bridge was designed and constructed by the Provincial Highway Department. It seems that designed height and span ofthe bridge was not truly based upon actual hydraulic parameters.

About thesis

This thesis is written in partial fulfillment of the B.Sc. degree in CIVIL ENGINEERING. The project thesis includes theoretical background and importance of each parameter affecting the design of bridge. Detailed steps of designing the bridge on the software are also included, different tables and figures are used to simply elaborate the design procedure. For the purpose of study data for hydraulic and structural design was collected from Provincial Highway Department. For the hydraulic design of the bridge, one year flow in th DHAIVIRAH Nullah was measured at the selected location.

Poster Presentation

Analysis of Different Hydraulic Parameters on the Structural Design of Dharma Nullah Bridge Taxila
Analysis of Different Hydraulic Parameters on the Structural Design of Dharma Nullah Bridge Taxila

Download Poster for this project

The Content is for Members Only !!!

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 Prof. Dr. Abdul Razzaq Ghumman
Group  members:
Asif Manzoor , Faisal Jahangir , Harmoon Haroon

From Editor's Desk

The purpose for sharing this project brief introduction and poster is just to help others who are finding any sort of help in template for technical presentation or in search of topic for their semester project or final year project. If you or any authority is having any kind of trouble with this sharing you can immediately contact us via contact us page to shut down this page for you in case of violation of rules and regulation of your department. 

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Question: Which software is mostly used ETABS or SAP, which software should be learn first?
>>> Download ETABS full Cracked version here  


ETABS is purely building software , you can design any type of building in etabs but you cannot design Retaining walls , basement walls , Underground water tank and Over heard water tank walls in it.

Where as for SAP ,  it can also be used to design buildings , but modeling buildings in SAP is tiresome work to do because you have to assign Columns in 3d view wherease in etabs you just have to assign columns in Plans i.,e 2d plan.

But in SAP you can design complex structures such as steel structures , Overhead water towers , Any type of Reinforced wall such as basement walls , retaining walls , UGWT and OHWT walls , you can also use SAP for bridge designing and offshore structures , You can design Pilecap and piles in SAP and Also raft can be designed in SAP

Hope so this will help you in finding the answer:

You can also post any question

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In ETABS during the design and analysis of beams there are certain modification factors used to incorporate the uncertainty and other factors like monolithic behavior etc. One of that modification factor is Torsional constant modification factor. In this post I will be sharing with you the procedure along with an example of how to find it and use it properly.


Suppose beam size is 8" x 51" and f'c = 3000 psi

First of all , put tosrional constant value of 1 in all beam sections , 

How to put torsional constant modification factor

torsional constant value of 1 in beams , for this , go to define then frame
sections then select beam sections one by one and click on modify/show property
then set modifiers then there put torsional constant value of 1 in box
How to Find Torsional Constant Modifier in ETABS

Finding PHI Tcr

now Acp = 8 x 51 => Area

and Pcp = 2(8+51) => Perimeter

Now put these values in phi.Tcr = 0.85 x 4 x (3000)^0.5 x (( 8x 51)^2)/(2(8+51))

= 262700.554 lb-inch = 21.89 kip-ft

Finding Tu

Now for Tu value , run model in etabs , then design it , after design , see all beams of size 8x51 then from these all beams right click on beams and see summary then see Tu value one by one and select maximum tu value from all 8 x 51 size beams

suppose your tu (max) from all 8 x 51 size beams comes out to be 40 kips-ft

or you can analyse in etabs then select 8x 51 size beams and from that beams see torsion values at a distance d from face of support and select maximum tu value

then torsional constant value = 21.89 / 40 = 0.547

now put this 0.547 value in all 8 x 51 size beams

Note: If your beam size is different and also f'c is different then do above all steps for that beam size and f'c

Monetary compensation for a loss, detriment, or injury to a person or a person's rights or property, awarded by a court judgment or by a contract stipulation regarding violation of contract.


Cash compensation, agreed to by signed, written contract for breach of contract, payable to the aggrieved party. {Law Dictionary: (Black's Law Dictionary}

Generally, contracts that involve the exchange of money or the promise of performance have a liquidated damages stipulation. The purpose of this stipulation is to establish a predetermined sum that must be paid if a party fails to perform as promised.

Conditions when Liquidated damages are imposed:

Damages can be liquidated in a contract only if
1)    First, the amount of the damages identified must roughly approximate the damages likely to fall upon the party seeking the benefit of the term.

2)        Second, the damages must be sufficiently uncertain at the time the contract is made that such a clause will likely save both parties the future difficulty of estimating damages.

Difference between liquidated damages and un-liquidated damages (penalty)

At common law, a liquidated damages clause will not be enforced if its purpose is to punish the wrongdoer/party in breach rather than to compensate the injured party (in which case it is referred to as a penal or penalty clause).

A penalty will be imposed if the loss or damage is reasonably certain if it’s uncertain then liquidated damages clause will be imposed.

Examples of liquidated damage

For example, suppose Saad Iqbal agrees to lease a store-front to Zubair Saleem, from which Zubair intends to sell jewelry. If Saad breaches the contract by refusing to lease the store-front at the appointed time, it will be difficult to determine what profits Zubair will have lost because the success of newly created small businesses is highly uncertain. This, therefore, would be an appropriate circumstance for Zubair to insist upon a liquidated damages clause in case Saad fails to perform.

Undisclosed source code has value as a trade secret. Openly publishing the source code destroys the trade secret value. The trade secret value of source code is difficult or impossible to prove. There is no open market for "secret source code".

In the case of construction contracts, courts have occasionally refused to enforce liquidated damages provisions when both parties have contributed to the overall delay of the project.

To provide a passage over an obstacle like a water body, a valley, canal or a road structure is built across that obstacle to span a space and allow the easy movement of the concerned bodies over those obstacles, such a structure is named as bridge. There are different types of bridges having different portions and parts but I will not be covering those parts and types here.
Today I will be sharing with you a very useful and very informative excel sheets programmed to design different portions and parts of bridges according to your requirement and your needs. The bridge design excel sheet includes 11 separate excel sheets.  The separate excel sheets are made to simple allow the easiness to be introduced.
These bridge design excel sheets are designed according the latest codes like ACI, AASHTO LRFD, etc.

Bridge Design Group

  • Bridge Concrete Girder Prestressed Concrete Girder Design for Bridge Structure Based on AASHTO 17th Edition & ACI 318-11 
  • Bridge Concrete Column Bridge Column Design Based on AASHTO 17th & ACI 318-11 
  • Bridge Box Section Bridge Design for Prestressed Concrete Box Section Based on AASHTO 17th Edition & ACI 318-11 
  • Concrete Tunnel Concrete Tunnel Design Based on AASHTO-17th & ACI 318-11 
  • Double Tee Prestressed Double Tee Design Based on AASHTO 17th Edition & ACI 318-11 
  • Concrete Box Culvert Concrete Box Culvert Design Based on AASHTO 17th Edition & ACI 318-11
  • Steel Road Plate Steel Road Plate Design Based on AASHTO 17th Edition & AISC 360-10 using Finite Element Method
  • Flange Tapered Girder Flange Tapered Plate Girder Design Based on AISC Manual 14th Edition (AISC 360-10)
  • Prestressed Concrete Pole/Pile Prestressed Concrete Circular Hollow Pole/Pile Design Based on ACI 318-11 & AASHTO 17th
  • FalseworkFalsework Design for Steel Girder Bridge Based on NDS 2012 & AASHTO 17th 
  • Polygon Capacity Polygon Section Member (Tubular Steel Pole) Design Based on ASCE 48-11
Download Free Excel Sheet (xls, xlx) for Bridge Design

Keywords for design of bridges excel sheets

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Civil Engineering is ranked among the top highly earned professions throughout the world i.e. ranked at 6th highly ranked profession in United States of America. The delicacy and importance of decisions in this profession can be judged by the consequences a nation has to bear after the decision would be made.
Civil Engineering mistakes and faults
 Despite of the knowledge and checks in this field mistakes are obvious as one can’t be perfect.  In this post I am sharing with you some very interesting, funny and different mistakes you can’t imagine civil engineers to commit. These mistakes will bring smile on your face and will make you feel that sometimes the most sophisticated engineers can sometimes make very horrible mistakes.


Bridge alignment mistake

The picture shown above is taken from a bridge construction the bridge slab deck are not properly aligned and the mistake of surveyor is the main culprit the coordinates of the bridge alignment are not properly followed and thus when the piers and abutments are placed their orientation is not properly monitored.


Public Health Mistake

Now this will make you laugh. This mistake is not very common the manhole built for a sewerage system is located on the edge of the footpath and even the worst is done when the cover of the manhole is being blocked by the curb stones laid over it.  
China Apartment Mistake

The next mistake is a very professional one that might have made authorities to look for the planning department. The picture shown above is an aerial view of apartments from China where mistakenly the half portion of the edge is being placed within the center of the motorway and thus 6 lanes are reduced to 3 at the concerned point.


Door Construction Mistake


This mistake is again a very funny one. The sill-level is not properly managed in this case.


Stair case construction mistake
This picture is showing a column that is being mistakenly placed on the stair case that leads path to the upper floors.


This mistake will make you feel horrible as well what if you open such a door and you step a head and nothing but a downfall of more than 20 feet is there. Your life is surely at a risk.



This mistake will make you laugh the most. What if you use such a toilet? The door doesn’t serve the purpose. Yeah! i.e. to hide you from others so that others can’t see what you are doing inside.  :D


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