December 2013
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Strength Laboratory deals with the strength testing of structural materials. While designing any structure, one of the most important concerns of design engineer is to determine the strength of any material that has to be used in the construction of relevant structure. The material should be strong enough to carry load for which the subject structure is to be designed without undergoing undue deformations. The structural design should be such as the stresses within any member do not exceed strength of material used. In any case if internal stresses exceed strength of material used, failure occurs. Structural failure may include additional complexity like stresses in different directions, components or material carrying cracks, creep or fatigue.
In Strength Laboratory, students will have the opportunity to verify various properties of structural materials under different loading scenarios. There are many test equipments and skilled staff to operate those equipments.


Strength of Material Lab Manual


Table of contents

1. Introduction to laboratory
2. Report Format
3. Strength of Materials-1
3.1 List of Experiments
3.2 Experiment No.1
3.3 Experiment No.2
3.4 Experiment No.3
3.5 Experiment No.4
3.6 Experiment No.5
4. Strength of Materials
4.1 List of Experiments
4.2 Experiment No.1
4.3 Experiment No.2
4.4 Experiment No.3
4.5 Experiment No.4
4.6 Experiment No.5
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Keywords for this Lab Manual


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As per found in advertisement in Daily Jang 29 December, 2013, National Logistics Cell (NLC) a renewed organization in Pakistan, having hundreds of earth moving equipments trucks and other construction and it equipments
National Logistics Cell (NLC) Internship Program 2014 for Civil Engineers

.
NLC has offered a very interesting and useful opportunity for the fresh graduates to be a part of such a level of organization.

Fields

This internship program is offered in Rawalpindi, Lahore, Karachi and other NLC setups in Pakistan. There will be a paid / unpaid scholarship as per requirement in the fields listed below;

a.    Civil Engineers
b.    IT Engineers / Software Developers
c.    Human Resource
d.    Marketing
e.    Finance
f.    Supply Chain Management
g.    Technical Diploma Holders (Minimum 1 year) for Civil and IT     related domains.

The internship is of 4, 8, 12 weeks and is for undergraduate / graduate / post graduate students / Technical students.

Eligibility

  • Fresh Undergraduate / Graduate / Post-Graduate students may apply for paid internship 
  • Diploma holders may apply for paid internship and requirement is 1 year experience.
  • Students currently enrolled in university may apply for unpaid internship

Paid scholarship is for degree holding students i.e. graduate or undergraduate along with some seats for diploma holders where there is requirement that the diploma holders must have 1 year of experience.

For undergraduate students which are currently rolled in a degree in university are allowed to apply for unpaid scholarship and must be required to deposit recommendation letter from their respective university / organization.

During internship the field visits and other tours are equipped with free fare and accommodation for the internees.

Internees may have to pass a short test and interview to ensure his/her competitiveness for the field applied there in.

Internship certificates will be issued on competition of duration and after judgment of attendance and performance.

How to apply?

To apply visit the website of NLC

http://www.nlc.com.pk/websitef.nsf/job/InternForm.doc

download the application form and send it to

[email protected]

Diploma holders must submit the hard form to the address of NLC, i.e. Human Resource Branch, Headquarters National Logistic Cell, P.O.     Box No. 514, Rawalpindi

Last date to apply?

Last date to apply for the National Logistics Cell (NLC) internship program is 10 Jan, 2014

Google keywords


  •     Nlc internship
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 MDSOLIDS: is software for topics taught in the Mechanics of Materials course (also commonly called Strength of Materials). This course is typically a part of civil, mechanical, and aerospace engineering programs and a number of related programs. The software also features a number of modules for topics taught in the Statics course. MDSolids consists of routines for beams and flexural members, torsional assemblies, axial assemblies, trusses, columns, pressure vessels, section properties, Mohr's circle analysis (including stress transformations and strain transformations), and many more topics

Features:
  1. Throughout MDSolids, the user is offered graphical or intuitive choices for all of the required data or units. In drawing shear force and bending moment diagrams, for example, the user can click on a picture of an arrow pointed down and enter the magnitude of the load to define a downward vertical point load rather than having to remember to enter a negative number for the load.
  2. All of these choices for forces and units are made by simply clicking the appropriate buttons on the displayed forms. The mechanics of materials concepts are difficult enough without adding confusion about software sign conventions and unit systems.
  3. In most cases, four common units (two US and two SI) are provided for each variable. For example, stress can be computed in psi, ksi, kPa, or MPa. The user is free to mix the units in any way desired. For example, a beam cross-section could be defined in millimeters, a beam length in inches, a moment diagram in kN-m, and the resulting bending stress could be shown in psi.  
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Let me introduce to you a very elegant and eye-catching high-rise residential complex.




Yichang Meijing - Cost - effec


This building named “Yichang Meijing” is located in China’s city of Gingdao in Shibei district. Did you notice anything strange in it.?




Hope so not, but a very interesting thing that has shocked the news is the introduction of the painted windows on the walls…..Yeah! Painted windows, the fake ones and not the real ones. The building is a low –cost apartments created by government and are recently completed.




The purpose of this idea behind is said by the owners and architect is just aesthetics, “Yichang Meijing” the name of the building has cost-effectiveness. Civil engineers here introduced a way how just by using paints the aesthetics and architectural requirements can be full-filled.


These windows are painted in areas where there is  a staircase behind, and to use real windows there would be very impractical that’s why government has introduced these sorts of fake windows.

Combustion is a process by which any thing burns, in our industries and in our vehicles we utilize this process to get some energy and then some power. But these combustion processes are not prefect and thus we have some emissions along with it which produces many harmful and hazardous effects on our environment.
vehicular and industrial combustion emissions
 

Abstract of the presentation

In this presentation we will introduce to you the process of combustion going on there in the vehicles and in the various different industries like cement industry, paper industry etc. Then we will cover why the emissions are generated from vehicles and from the industries. After that the introduction of fuel is there, that what are fuels, what are their various types. Then the introduction of certain vehicular and industrial combustion emissions is there like; Particulate Matter (PM2.5) and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) and others like Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Monoixde, Sulfur dioxide, NOx etc.
After this the harmful effects of these emissions is produced on the health of humans and on overall environment like ozone depletion, ground ozone production and smog formation, and at last the global warming.
At the end we have discussed what are the various responsible organization, how they are trying to control vehicular and industrial combustion emissions, and then various recommendations are produced.

Conclusion of the Presentation:

  1. Vehicular and industrial combustion emissions are health damaging to alarming level.
  2. Increase in economic standards of community, more usage of products, more vehicles more pollutants
  3. Pollutants from industries and vehicles causes severe health problems like cancer, heart diseases and breathing problems.
  4. Pollutants also effect indirectly in the form of acid rain, smog formation and climate change
  5. Introduction of environment friendly technologies like fuel cells etc
  6. By spreading awareness among masses will greatly improve the quality of air we are breathing in.

Authors

Authors of this Presentation

 

Preparation Date:

Thursday 18-Dec-2013

Keywords to Reach Here

Vehicular and industrial combustion emissions, vehicular emissions, Particulate matters, Volatile Organic Compounds, Industrial Emissions, smog formation, global warming, global warming and transportation, role of transportation in global warming

Video of the Presentation

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Terminologies are different for different sorts of fields of life like medical, sciences, information technology, engineering like mechanical, electrical and civil engineering. In our everyday life we as a civil engineers need to memorize alot of words and terms which some times is difficult task. These terms easily made us confuse and we feel our selves stuck in civil engineering. In this situation this book is a best tool to beat the problem and is a solution if you want to be a successful civil engineer. Beside this dictionary there are alot of civil engineering dictionaries as well but this civil engineering dictionary is written in simple english and has alot of interesting facts and figures to let you memorize the words easily.

I am pleased to present a work which marks a milestone in the history of public works and, more precisely, in that of permanent structures—a comprehensive dictionary of Civil Engineering terms.




BOOK NAME:             

DICTONARY OF CIVIL ENGINEERING   

AUTHOR NAME:

            JEAN-PAUL KURTZ

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Keywords for civil engineering dictionary

civil engineering dictionary free download pdf, civil engineering dictionary free download, civil engineering dictionary pdf, civil engineering dictionary online, civil engineering dictionary software, civil engineering dictionary free download pc, civil engineering dictionary book, civil engineering books

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Similar to the constant head permeameter, there is one more test called falling head permeameter in which fall of head is related to the permeability of the soil sample, Before going to the detail of what the test is we must understand what is permeability?
So by general or lay man terms; permeability may be defined as;
Ability of material to allow water to pass through it
Soil in Water

While technically speaking Permeability may be defined as;
“Rate at which water flows through unit cross-sectional area of soil mass under the action of unit hydraulic gradient provided laminar flow conditions prevails”
This test method is used to determine the coefficient of permeability (K) having units of velocity or m/sec

Designation of the test;

This test method has been standardized by American Association for State Highway and Transportation Officials under AASHTO – T – 215.

Significance of the test:

We know that water or moisture is very devastating as far as our pavements and paved structures are concerned. Water within the base and sub-base causes a lot of troubles which may ultimately cause failure of the pavement structure. Presence of moisture in the base course causes reduction or loss in shear strength of the soil similarly other problems like frost heave may swell the base and cause cracks on the surface course in the similar manner, freez and thaw effect will be initiated when the present moisture content get freeze due to low temperatures around surroundings.

Coefficient of Permeability:

The amount of water flowing through a certain area can be represented by coefficient of permeability represented by ‘K’ the units of K is meter / seconds. Typical values of K ranges from 0.001 to 0.01 m/s.

Description of constant head permeameter

Description of Constant Head Permeameter

 

Sample Preparation

In order to limit consolidation influences during testing, this procedure is limited to disturbed granular soils containing not more than 10 percent (%) soil passing the 75 micron i.e. sieve no. 200.
Total amount of material to be used is 200 kg.
The material gradation is as under;

Sr. NO
Sieve Size
%age Passing
% Retained
Weight of Material (kg)
1
50 mm
83
17
34
2
37.5 mm
65
18
36
3
20 mm
40
25
50
4
10 mm
22
18
36
5
5 mm
13
9
18
6
0.6 mm
2
11
22
7
0.075 mm
0
2
4
Total



200 kg

Test Procedure:

  1. Place the constant head permeameter on leveled and firm surface.
  2. The Head difference between upstream and downstream weirs must be within 20-40 mm.
  3.  Mix aggregate thoroughly and place in 4 layers in the box. 
  4. Compact the material by using modified AASHTO compacting hammer of 10kg, here no. of blows is not specified time is specified that upto 1 min you will apply blows for each layer while using hammer with normal rate.
  5. Allow the water to flow from upstream to downstream.
  6. The vacuum Tap is opened to allow water to pass through sample, on alternate basis the tap is opened and closed to avoid entrapped air.
  7. Leave the sample over night to allow the sample to get saturated.
Start measuring discharge once sample is saturated after each 15 min interval by using formula of Q = Vol / time; until steady flow of water is observed at downstream end.
Method to determine discharge is simple; you can use some container of known volume and the moment water enters in the container stopwatch is turned on and after the container gets filled stop the stop watch, now you have time and volume you can measure the discharge.

Calculation

Formula to calculate the permeability;
K = (V x L) / (A h t)
Where
L = length of the specimen which is 1 m.
A is cross sectional area which is 0.3 x 0.3 m2
H is head difference in meters
T is the time for which known volume of V is filled by water.

Keywords for this test

permeability, permeability constant, constant head permeameter, constant head permeability, constant head permeability test discussion,constant head permeability test ppt,variable head permeability test,constant head permeability test report,constant head permeability test video,constant head permeability test wiki,constant head permeability test limitations
 

Drawing is language of engineering, with words you can’t explain that much things precisely which you can with drawings. In Civil Engineering, the drawing is a necessary skill that requires aesthetic as well as technical skills. Civil Engineering Drawing consists of symbols and codes that are easy to understand and are not difficult to draw. In Manual Drawing the tools which are commonly used includes, T-Square, Drawing board, Set Squares, Curve Set, Scale Cards. These tools although are very easy to use, but the hectic manual work is very much lengthy and very time consuming as well.


Introduction to AUTOCAD


    Introduction of Computers in calculations and other engineering applications had also made its impacts on engineering drawings as well in the past when AUTOCAD was firstly developed for Personal Computers, CAD is the short form of Computer Aided Drawing.
AutoDesk AutoCAD


Use of Autocad in civil engineering is not just for planes or elevations or section; We also draw structural drawings in it, as well as the profiles and contours are treated in autocad, other softwares of civil engineering like Eagel Points, EPA Net also uses autocad drawings as their input for making horizontal and vertical alignments of road or a highway and similarly the water supply scheme map of a housing facility or a housing society.

Autocad was first released in 1982 by a company named AUTODESK, Inc. before this such CAD softwares were used by large workstations, for the very first time AUTODESK introduced this software for personal computer use. AutoCAD is used for 2D as well as 3D drawings ranging from electrical drawings, mechanical part drawings, architectural drawings as well as Civil engineering Drawings, structural drawings etc.

 Development of AUTOCAD


 AutoCAD has a lot of versions each new version being more robust and more easier to use then the previous versions. AUTOCAD in earlier stages has only command line interface, which means you can work on AUTOCAD at that time just by typing commands and setting different parameters etc, but with newer versions they have introduced the GUI graphical user interface which is more easy to use and is more user friendly. Now you can just draw things by using drawing tools you find in other softwares like MS Word etc.

 Difference between AUTOCAD and Other 3D Programs


Beside AUTOCAD 3d, there are other 3D softwares as well like MAYA, 3D Studio Max etc which are more glamorous comparatively but the difference between CAD softwares like AUTOCAD and other 3d softwares is in the purpose for which they are build, purpose of AUTOCAD is to draw technical drawings for engineers rather than 3d movies and animations.

In this post I will be sharing with you a portable version of AUTOCAD, this portable version can run without even installation, just copy and paste the .exe file of and double click it and run it, simple and straight forward.

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Download AutoDesk AUTOCAD Portable Free Cracked

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University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, situated at approximately 40 km from twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, had received its charter as an independent University in October 1993, prior to which it was the campus of University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, occupying the land of Sahiwal as its first temporary destination after which it was shifted to its permanent destination of Taxila, the ancient, historical icon of Pakistan.
University of engineering and technology, Taxila

The simple yet eye-catching departments, administrative blocks, mosques, markets, hostel blocks, laboratories, library, cafeterias and bus stand constitutes the campus of University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila. The University Buses meets departure and arrival daily taking numbers of students from all around the cities of Rawalpindi, Wah Cantt and Islamabad. This first ever institution of its own type in Taxila covers an area of 163 acres.
University, an educational institution in any country or city is considered as a socio-economic and cultural center or hub. UET, also servers this purpose thus has a significant impact on the environment of the city.

While leaving the hustle and bustle of Rawalpindi, Islamabad you feel a significant change in your surroundings regarding, traffic volume, the sound of horns of vehicles, construction machinery, cranes, rollers and timber market around the roads, engineering societies being developed in the locality, world class level Multi-Garden Sector of Islamabad, heavy vehicles transporting goods, construction materials like aggregates, bricks cements, cement factories, beverage factories, flour mills and then from Taxila by-pass you enter the Taxila Cantt, leaving the main Taxila Bazar near Wah Cantt, Gate, you saw crushers, eating and crushing the aggregates from the mountains on your left side, trucks transporting them along with the dust clouds and a voice of Blasting after every hour or so, then you enter the surroundings of UET, Taxila after crossing Taxila By-Pass, surrounding by the green lush fields the local road is marked by tall green waving trees of Safaida, you see the ancient Dhara Mara Chiga Stupa, Taxila Museum, Remainings of Sirkup is enough for you to understand how ancient and civilized this locality is.
In this environmental Impact report for university of engineering and technology our main concern would be on following areas;

•    Water supply and Sewerage Systems
•    Soild Waste Management
•    Air Quality – Indoor And Out door
•    Noise Level
•    Cultural Environment
•    Religious Environment
•    Socio-Economic
•    Landscape
•    Flora and Fauna
•    New Development

Water Supply and Sewerage System

Importance of water can never be neglected as far as the sustainability of life is concerned. UET, Taxila water supply scheme is taking care of all the departments including electrical, mechanical, civil, telecom, IT department, besides these administrative buildings, mosques, library, cafeteria, laboratories, hostels, faculty houses and worker houses. Major share of this water supply scheme is being consumed by residential buildings and as the city is not as much developed comparatively as other cities of Pakistan, this water is sometimes the major problem for university especially in summers.
Water supply scheme of university consists of a well – planned central over-head water tank, and high power tube wells one beside the computer/software department, and water-treatment and filtration plant is there.
With the increase in the no. of students and faculty this water supply scheme needs expansion and increment in the storage capacity, for this new water reservoirs need to be explored and inputs of them needs to be included in the main streamline supply. For this Underground water can also be used by using auger boring techniques etc.
The problem of water availability is mostly faced by students residing in the hostels, because of shortage of water; there are lines of students in the morning waiting for their turn in the washrooms. Sometimes the motor get out of order and thus they need to live without water for a long time as well; for this proper backup system must be developed so as to shift the burden on the parallel water supply schemes.
Sewerage system of University is not up to the mark, in the central portion of the university, this is not such a big problem, the washrooms, and toilets are properly cleaned and maintained by the cleaning staff of university. Major problems are within hostels where students face problems like blockage of gutters etc, making the toilets useless. Thus, proper cleaning and maintenance is required.

 Solid Waste Management

The major portion of the waste is being shared by solid waste here in university, because the university houses hundreds of humans this justifies the reason of the increased production of solid waste. Solid waste of the university besides sewerage waste includes papers, tins, cans, shopping bags, wrappers, straws and toxic chemicals as well from the laboratories like silica, sulphur, waste concrete etc as well. University has Dustbins written with “Use Me” as caption to invite students, faculty and staff to throw the waste in it; but as a nation we are not that much responsible and caring to throw them in always; the societies in the university like Environmental Protection Society is working to encourage the proper disposal and recycling of solid waste and on the same grounds increasing the awareness among students and faculty to dispose off the waste properly.
The waste from the hostels, residential buildings and departments is not properly disposed off it is open dumped which is totally against the law and environmental ethics; thus there is a need for proper disposal site to be constructed;  so as to eliminate the open dumping and throwing the waste in the near bear streams as is done now a days.

Air Quality – Indoor And Out door

Air quality of the university and the city is being damaged by the nearby crushers and stone workers and nearby cement factory and flour mills, spreading dust particles, hazardous gases etc. Air quality of University is maintained by the trees and the grassy lawns along with the esthetic plants being planted in the university. The bus stand is the most dusty place of university which is not even cemented yet; the buses when runs over spreads a lot of dust causing problems for students.
In the departments especially in civil engineering laboratories and environmental engineering laboratories the use of toxic chemicals, burning of bitumen, burning of sulfur for concrete caping, dust of sand and soil, damages the indoor air quality significantly which must be checked and the effect of these factors must be diluted so as to create a healthy environment for the students to work in.

Noise Level

Although some times this factor can’t be eliminated completely but yet it is very important factor for any educational and health facility. In UET, the departments have their parking areas very near and thus the horn and sounds of car engines create problems some times. Similarly buses were first used to crawl in front of the departments while leaving; this has been checked and now the buses have provided the proper separate path to use while departure.
 
One very astonishing feature in the noise level of university is the blasting sound you usually listen due to the near aggregate quarries behind the main university campus. Use of Grass cutting machines and tankers to water the grass and plants sometimes causes irritation among students while studying.

One very important factor creating noise pollution in the departments is the machineries being used especially in mechanical and civil department; the use of machines for testing of materials; their strength etc. always include breaking of a high strength steel or concrete or any other metal or alloy which produces very etching effects and produces echo and behavioral changes in the staff and students.
One very common example one can observe is in the library; although library is meant to be a silent and reading spot; but few months back when someone enters in the library the echo produced from the steps of the person creates very bad effect in the students studying; but now the use of sound absorbers like partitioning and carpeting of floors have ultimately helped to create a good learning silent environment there.
  Laboratories can be shifted or constructed at a distant far off of the main departments so as to avoid such factors, parking area must also be at a distant far off from the department. Use of machineries for cutting of grass etc must be avoided near the peak working hours.

Cultural Environment

UET, Taxila, can be treated as a cultural hub of Punjab, Pakistan. Giving chances to all the students from around the world like Afghanistan, Jordan etc. and on the same trend from all the province of Punjab and other Provinces as well. UET is much diversified as far as cultural environment is concerned. You will see different peoples of different languages, different colors, castes, religions and nationalities working hard to uplift the standard of not only their lives but the life of other humans as well.
When UET, Taxila was not there, no one might have imagined such a cultural fusion to be there living in Taxila, similarly because of being its locality in an ancient, civilized culture of Taxila, UET, get significant importance in this respect as well.
People visiting the university get amused on how among such a rich ancient heritage, there is a top level public university equipped with all modern techniques of engineering and technology.
One will feel pleasure to see cultural events and occasions like spring festival etc.

Religious Environment

Majority of People in UET, being Muslims thus we see rich religious environment there as well. There are prayer halls in the university departments and in hostels as well; beside this there is a fully functional, modern and stylish building of Central Mosque, along with other small Mosques in the locality of University. The different Schools of Thoughts of Islam being practiced here and no such religious extremism is being noticed in the campus; ever one is free to practice his/her own religion or believes. 
Because of rich cultural environment of university, there are also persons from different religions like Hinduism, Christianity etc. And they are free to celebrate their religious event or occasions like Muslims do.
One can easily see in university, although co-education but very strict as far as interaction between girls and boys is concerned. Violation of any social ethics is being penalized by the university administration. Similarly the gender equality is being taught by Islam, is being seen in practical as girls being taking part in relatively tough fields like mechanical, civil engineering etc.
But sometimes there are also clash being observed among modest and modern thoughts in the society; one very common example is the strike being done by the students to let them celebrate their religious days like “Yom-e-Husaain” etc. Students having viewpoint that if University administration can allow celebration of events like concerts and “Valentine Day” they must allow us to celebrate these Islamic Occasions as well; and university administration having viewpoint that such events might cause religious clash among different school of thoughts.
The Religious Harmony should be practiced no matter what ever the occasion is; one must feel safe to practice his own religion in his own domain; without disturbing the religious believes and religious morals of others. For this university administration must come forward to have a systematic plan to check any inconvenience regarding this matter.

Socio-Economic

One of the very important impacts university has on the environment is socio-economic impact. The local inhabitants of the region have got chance to get employment there; and not only this the Taxila region also has a separate Quota for the students to get educated in the university.
Students coming from other cities get a chance to know about Taxila and similarly the inhabitants of Taxila get a chance to meet students and peoples of different languages, origins, caste and colors. So in this way UET can be taken as a medium to let others meet and do something productive.
The grant which university has along with the dues that is being charged on the students let the locality to uplift its standard economically and socially. Thus we see the bazaars near Taxila Bus stop which is very near to UET, and other dhabas on the gate of UET, and a market being developed at the gate no. 2 of university.
The foreign students get a chance to know about Pakistan, their people and their culture and thus university is acting like a ambassador of Pakistan spreading its rich culture and heritage.
 University acts like an important icon as far as the economic standard of the locality is concerned. Students, faculty and other staff from other parts of the country bring money and economic growth to the region.
Landscape
UET, Taxila is surrounding by a very eye-catching landscape consisting of mountains and green lush fields and tress spreading fragrance and cold shadows. The area which is covered by UET, Taxila was mostly barren land of no use; there were trees and vast grassy land that is now being developed into a planned city in its own.
In winters and during rainy seasons the sky kissing mountains at the back of UET looks adorable. But the aggregate crushers are removing this beauty from the region. In UET, Taxila every year the planting schemes and ceremonies are conducted to encourage the rich green environment in the university. The lawn designing competition being held in university helps in uplifting the landscaping standard. UET has proper staff that is taking care of cutting the grass and useless branches to enhance the aesthetics of the campus.
Departments have beautiful lawns which are covered by high dense green trees along with colorful, sweet fragrance flowers of various ornamental classes etc.
There are still a lot of regions that is being neglected as far as landscaping is concerned; like the land near the cafeteria and the land near the mosque need much improvement in the landscaping. Although the Gardening staff is doing its best to ensure the proper maintenance of the landscape but still many areas are ignored and we saw a lot of grass being scattered and out of order.

Flora and Fauna

Because of the very rich landscape of UET, you can see a lot of varieties of flowers, roses etc, trees of various origins, green lush grass of various types. Because of all these reasons birds of various species can be seen in the university living happily, along with wild dogs and cats that can be seen even in the mess hall as well.
Although these wild animals shows how healthy the environment is for life but still sometimes they causes problems, thus there must be proper planned nurseries for them where they can live without damaging the life of humans or disturbing them.
New Development
Although in UET, the facilities are very sufficient but with the increase in no. of students, departments, faculty, staff, there is need of new hostels and faculty hostels, along with new buildings for separate classes of new departments. Like in Mechanical engineering, the industrial engineering department is using the class rooms of mechanical engineering; same is the case for electronics and environmental engineering classes.
UET, Taxila needs new auditorium, because the conference hall is not sufficient to house large no. of visitors or participants. In Past few years the infrastructure of university has build enormously, new Cafeteria, new department of Telecommunication, improvement in the library interior, new multipurpose hall or gymnasium are among some new developed buildings in the university campus.
But still there is a need of management department, new hostel for boys as the new comers are not getting housing in the already build hostels, improvements in water supply scheme of university.

Conclusion and Recommendation

University of Engineering and Technology, is really a nice place to study in. Facilities are up to the mark but still much improvement in maintenance work is needed. The administration needs to take care of campus problems and building and works department must make sure to control all the infrastructure and facilities in the campus, all the problems like water shortage, power shortage, residence problems for the students, solid waste disposal must be checked in so as to uplift the standard of university along with creating a healthy environment where human brain can think openly and can be productive in the same manner as well.




   

Although about Structural Engineering there are alot of books being written and published, but that scattered knowledge and information needs useful arrangement so that structural designers and professionals might not get difficulty in finding the required information in a short span of time. This book titled "Structural Engineer's Pocket Book" written by Fiona Cobb is intended for this purpose. It is written in simple English and yet covers all the aspects that a stuctural engineer needs to cater.
Download Structural Engineer's Pocket Book


Book Name:


Structural Engineer’s Pocket Book

Author:


Fiona Cobb

Contents


Preface

Acknowledgements


Chapter # 1: General Information

Chapter # 2: Statutory Authorities and Permissions

Chapter #3: Design Data

Chapter # 4: Basic and Shortcut tools for Structural Analysis

Chapter # 5: Geotechnics

Chapter # 6: Timber and Plywood

Chapter # 7: Masonry

Chapter # 8: Reinforced Concrete

Chapter #9: Structural Steel

Chapter # 10: Composite Steel and Concrete

Chapter # 11: Structural Glass

Chapter # 12: Building Elements, Materials, Fixings and Fastenings

Chapter # 13: Useful Mathematics

Useful Addresses

Further Reading

Sources

Index

Preface


As a student or graduate engineer it is difficult to source basic design data. Having been unable to find a compact book containing this information, I decided to compile my own after seeing a pocket book for architects. I realised that a Structural Engineer’s Pocket Book might be useful for other engineers and construction industry  professionals.

My aim has been to gather useful facts and figures for use in preliminary design in the office, on site or in the IStructE Part 3 exam, based on UK conventions. The book is not intended as a textbook; there are no worked examples and the information is not prescriptive. Design methods from British Standards have been included and summarized, but obviously these are not the only way of proving structural adequacy.

Preliminary sizing and shortcuts are intended to give the engineer a ’feel’ for the structure before beginning design calculations. All of the data should be used in context, using engineering judgement and current good practice. Where no reference is give  the information has been compiled from several different sources. Despite my best efforts, there may be some errors and omissions.

 I would be interested to receive any comments, corrections or suggestions on the content of the book by email at [email protected], it has been difficult to decide what information can be included and still keep the book a compact size.

Therefore any proposals for additional material should be accompanied by a proposal for an omission of roughly the same size – the reader should then appreciate the many dilemmas that I have had during the preparation of the book! If there is an opportunity for a second edition, I will attempt to accommodate any suggestions which are sent to me and I hope that you find the Structural Engineer’s Pocket Book useful.

 Fiona Cobb

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