Surveying is basic to engineering. Before any engineering work can be started we must prepare a plan or map of the area showing topographical details. This involves both horizontal and vertical measurements. Engineering surveying is defined as those activities involved in the planning and execution of surveys for the location, design, construction, operation and maintenance of civil and other engineering projects.

Modern surveying involves use of sophisticated scientific instruments, mathematical methods and computational techniques. This book on surveying explains comprehensively the principles of surveying instruments and derivation of mathematical formulae. Separate chapters have been written on “Underground surveys” and “Computer Programs in surveying” to incorporate the recent developments in this field.

Surveying is basic to engineering.

Before any engineering work can be started we must prepare a plan or map of the area showing topographical details. This involves both horizontal and vertical measurements.

Engineering surveying is defined as

"those activities involved in the planning and execution of surveys for the location, design, construction, operation and maintenance of civil and other engineering projects. "

The surveying activities are;

• Preparation of surveys and related mapping specifications
• Execution of photogrammetric and field surveys for the collection of required data including topographic and hydrographic data.
• Calculation, reduction and plotting of survey data for use in engineering design.
• Design and provision of horizontal and vertical control survey networks.
• Provision of line and grade and other layout for construction and mining activities.

## Title of the Book

Fundamentals of Surveying

S.K. Roy

## Contents of the Book

1. Introduction
2. Errors in Measurement
3. Measurement of Horizontal Distances
4. Electronic Distance Measurements
5. Levelling
7. Angles and Directions
8. Compass Survey
9. Theodolites
10. Traverse survey and computations
11. Curves
12. Vertical curves
13. Areas and Volumes
14. Tacheometry
15. Plane table surveying
16. Topographical survey
17. Construction surveying
18. Underground surveys
19. Computer programs in surveying

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