Procedure of Tendering in Civil Engineering Works

Procedure of Tendering in Civil Engineering Works

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In Civil Engineering works the tendering procedure starts with the invitation in which the contract manager of the client through its team or consultant make a bill of quantities and invite from various different contracts to make a bid and then contract manager will evaluate the bids and then select the most appropriate one. 

Invitation to Tender

The inviting of tenders for civil engineering works is usually performed by one of the following three choices.
i)                    By advertising for competitive tenders.  A typical tender notice is shown on next page.
ii)                   By inviting tenders from selected contractors. (approved or Pre-qualified) Enlistment of approved contractors is mainly on the basis of financial status and employment of some highly qualified engineers. Depending upon financial status and cost of projects, approved contractors are divided into various categories. Enlistment is not for a particular work but it is general. Pre-qualification is for a particular large project depending upon factors as given in any example of pre-qualification Notice including reputation of contractor, financial stability, technical staff, machinery available, works already in hand and experience of similar works
iii)                 By negotiating a contract with a select contractor.  This procedure is adopted for well-reputed and previously experienced contractor.

Procedure of tendering in Civil Engineering Works

Opening of Tenders

Tenders submitted by different parties should be under sealed covers and generally these are opened in the presence of tenderers or their representatives. Following procedure is adopted after opening of tenders.
i)                    List of tenders is prepared making sure that earnest money is also accompanied by each tender.
ii)                   Tenders without any earnest money shall not be considered in the competition.
iii)                 A comparative statement of the tenders is prepared. Rates are given by the tenderes for non-scheduled items and premium for scheduled items.
iv)                 Careful scrutiny (thorough checking) of all the tenders is a must to make sure that the tenders are properly signed and any corrections are erasures must be initialed by the tender.
v)                  As far as possible, the minimum tender must be accepted. But, in certain cases, if the minimum tender is very low as compared with the estimated cost of the work, it is liable to be rejected because in such cases the contractor is liable to use sub-standard materials and violate the specifications/conditions of the contract, and thereby cause un-necessary litigation (court affairs).

However, if the lowest tender/bid is very high as compared with the estimated cost of the work, again it is liable to be rejected because of the financial complications. Client must revise the estimate and must again invite the tenders after checking availability of funds and after obtaining fresh approval.

Final Award of Contract

After the tender is accepted, the contractor is asked to enter into a legal agreement with the client and to provide a further sum of 5 to 10% of the total cost of the work (normally 10%) inclusive of earnest which is known as security Deposit.

Before issuing any work order (order to start with the work), the contractor must deposit the security in the form of a bank guarantee or in cash. Otherwise, he must submit a performance bong and the security deposit is deducted from bills of completed works.

The following points must be considered before the final award of the contract.
a)      Pre-qualification of the contractor processing the requisite experience.
b)      Make sure that his present position on other works allows the staff and machinery to be available for this project. In other words, works already in hand of contractor with the time of their completion must be considered.
c)       Reputation of the contractor in the market should be known.
d)      General behavior and temperament (nature etc.) of the contractor should be observed. 

University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila
(Building and Works Department)
Pre-Qualification Notice
Applications are invited from eligible Architects for their pre-qualification of the following works;
a)      Construction of building for library
b)      Construction of transportation engineering laboratory in civil engineering
The applications along with complete bio-data including the following requirements should reach in the office of the undersigned up to 30-09-2003. The undersigned also reserve the right to reject any or all applications without any justification/reason.
1.       Affidavit that firm is not involved in any litigation
2.       Bank statement
3.       List of major completed projects.
4.       Registration with Pakistan council of Architects and Town Planning.


University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila
(Building and Works Departments)
Notice Inviting Tenders
1)      Item/Percentage rate tender for the works details below are invited from;
a.       The approved contractors of the University of Engineering & Technology, Taxila
b.      The contractors enlisted with P.W.D / Building Department are also eligible. In case their tender is accepted, they will have to get themselves enlisted with the university.
2)      The tender will be received at 11:30 a.m. on the date given below and will be opened at the same time and date in the presence of the contractors or their authorized agents.
3)      No telegraphic tender or tender by post will be entertained.
4)      No conditional tender will be entertained.
5)      Detailed particulars of works can be obtained from the office of the undersigned on any working day during the office hours.
6)      The undersigned reserves the right to reject any or all tenders without assigning any reason.
7)      The tender from a firm or company should be accompanied with the power of attorney on judicial papers.
8)      The tender documents can be obtained from the office of the undersigned during office hours on payment basis mentioned below.
9)      No tender will be issued to any contractor on the date of receiving the tender.
Name of works
Name of Works
Estimated cost
Earnest money
Tender Fee
Time limit
Date receipt
Installation of Terrace Railing on Quaid-e-Azam Hall and Iqbal Hall at Uet, Taxila
Rs. 8,30,766 /-
Rs. 16,615/-
Rs. 500/-
2 Months

Project Director

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Procedure of Tendering in Civil Engineering Works

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